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supine

[adjective soo-pahyn; noun soo-pahyn] /adjective suˈpaɪn; noun ˈsu paɪn/
adjective
1.
lying on the back, face or front upward.
2.
inactive, passive, or inert, especially from indolence or indifference.
3.
(of the hand) having the palm upward.
noun
4.
(in Latin) a noun form derived from verbs, appearing only in the accusative and the dative-ablative, as dictū in mirābile dictū, “wonderful to say.”.
5.
(in English) the simple infinitive of a verb preceded by to.
6.
an analogous form in some other language.
Origin of supine
1490-1500
First recorded in 1490-1500, supine is from the Latin word supīnus lying face up, inactive
Related forms
supinely, adverb
supineness, noun
unsupine, adjective
Can be confused
prone, prostate, prostrate, supine.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for supineness
Historical Examples
  • With the supineness of our race most of them force themselves to be satisfied with what comes.

  • She contrasted them with his own weakness and supineness and degradation.

    Louisiana Lou William West Winter
  • Raging against her own supineness, she was yet forced into ignoble inactivity.

    Making People Happy Thompson Buchanan
  • Evidently they had discovered the two figures on the beach, and wondered at their supineness.

    The Huntress Hulbert Footner
  • Despite the supineness of Washington, the American nation will soon be at war with Spain.

    The Crossing Winston Churchill
  • I know no mark more irrefragable of the supineness of mankind.'

    Camilla Fanny Burney
  • You have blamed me, my friend, for supineness; you shall see how resolute I can be!

    Miles Tremenhere, Vol 1 of 2 Annette Marie Maillard
  • But the supineness of England was the opportunity of France.

  • I often paralleled her neglect to use them with the supineness of the French Commune in 1871.

    The Brothers' War John Calvin Reed
  • Why did you delay to tell this, and lead me to blame you in my thoughts for supineness?

    Captain Kyd, Vol. II Joseph Holt Ingraham
British Dictionary definitions for supineness

supine

adjective (suːˈpaɪn; sjuː-; ˈsuːpaɪn; ˈsjuː-)
1.
lying or resting on the back with the face, palm, etc, upwards
2.
displaying no interest or animation; lethargic
noun (ˈsuːpaɪn; ˈsjuː-)
3.
(grammar) a noun form derived from a verb in Latin, often used to express purpose with verbs of motion sup
Derived Forms
supinely, adverb
supineness, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Latin supīnus related to sub under, up; (in grammatical sense) from Latin verbum supīnum supine word (the reason for this use is unknown)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for supineness

supine

adj.

c.1500, from Latin supinus "turned or thrown backwards, inactive, indolent," related to sub "under" (see sub-). The grammatical use for "Latin verbal noun formed from the past participle stem" is from Late Latin supinum verbum "supine verb," perhaps so called because, though furnished with a noun case ending, it "falls back" on the verb.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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supineness in Medicine

supine su·pine (sōō-pīn', sōō'pīn')
adj.

  1. Lying on the back; having the face upward.

  2. Having the palm of the hand or sole of the foot upward.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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