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surety

[shoo r-i-tee, shoo r-tee, shur-i-tee, shur-tee]
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noun, plural sur·e·ties.
  1. security against loss or damage or for the fulfillment of an obligation, the payment of a debt, etc.; a pledge, guaranty, or bond.
  2. a person who has made himself or herself responsible for another, as a sponsor, godparent, or bondsman.
  3. the state or quality of being sure.
  4. certainty.
  5. something that makes sure; ground of confidence or safety.
  6. a person who is legally responsible for the debt, default, or delinquency of another.
  7. assurance, especially self-assurance.

Origin of surety

1300–50; Middle English surte < Middle French; Old French seurte < Latin sēcūritāt-, stem of sēcūritās security
Related formso·ver·sure·ty, nounsub·sur·e·ty, noun, plural sub·sur·e·ties.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for surety

Historical Examples

  • "I refuse to accept your surety, for your own sake," said the Marchese.

    Casanova's Homecoming

    Arthur Schnitzler

  • When I ask him to be my surety for a couple of hundred thousand crowns?

    The Great Hunger

    Johan Bojer

  • A friend of his wife's was his surety; such things often happen.

    The Memoires of Casanova, Complete

    Jacques Casanova de Seingalt

  • He gave me the right to sequestrate his pay by way of surety.

    The Memoires of Casanova, Complete

    Jacques Casanova de Seingalt

  • Let them but admit it to me and of a surety I will fling them into imprisonment!


British Dictionary definitions for surety

surety

noun plural -ties
  1. a person who assumes legal responsibility for the fulfilment of another's debt or obligation and himself becomes liable if the other defaults
  2. security given against loss or damage or as a guarantee that an obligation will be met
  3. obsolete the quality or condition of being sure
  4. obsolete a means of assurance or safety
  5. stand surety to act as a surety
Derived Formssuretyship, noun

Word Origin

C14: from Old French seurte, from Latin sēcūritās security
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for surety

n.

c.1300, from Old French seurté, from Latin securitatem (nominative securitas) "freedom from care or danger, safety, security," from securus (see secure). Until 1966, the French national criminal police department was the Sûreté nationale.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper