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[shoo r-i-tee, shoo r-tee, shur-i-tee, shur-tee] /ˈʃʊər ɪ ti, ˈʃʊər ti, ˈʃɜr ɪ ti, ˈʃɜr ti/
noun, plural sureties.
security against loss or damage or for the fulfillment of an obligation, the payment of a debt, etc.; a pledge, guaranty, or bond.
a person who has made himself or herself responsible for another, as a sponsor, godparent, or bondsman.
the state or quality of being sure.
something that makes sure; ground of confidence or safety.
a person who is legally responsible for the debt, default, or delinquency of another.
assurance, especially self-assurance.
Origin of surety
1300-50; Middle English surte < Middle French; Old French seurte < Latin sēcūritāt-, stem of sēcūritās security
Related forms
oversurety, noun
subsurety, noun, plural subsureties. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for surety


/ˈʃʊətɪ; ˈʃʊərɪtɪ/
noun (pl) -ties
a person who assumes legal responsibility for the fulfilment of another's debt or obligation and himself becomes liable if the other defaults
security given against loss or damage or as a guarantee that an obligation will be met
(obsolete) the quality or condition of being sure
(obsolete) a means of assurance or safety
stand surety, to act as a surety
Derived Forms
suretyship, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French seurte, from Latin sēcūritāssecurity
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for surety

c.1300, from Old French seurté, from Latin securitatem (nominative securitas) "freedom from care or danger, safety, security," from securus (see secure). Until 1966, the French national criminal police department was the Sûreté nationale.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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surety in the Bible

one who becomes responsible for another. Christ is the surety of the better covenant (Heb. 7:22). In him we have the assurance that all its provisions will be fully and faithfully carried out. Solomon warns against incautiously becoming security for another (Prov. 6:1-5; 11:15; 17:18; 20:16).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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