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surfeit

[sur-fit] /ˈsɜr fɪt/
noun
1.
excess; an excessive amount:
a surfeit of speechmaking.
2.
excess or overindulgence in eating or drinking.
3.
an uncomfortably full or crapulous feeling due to excessive eating or drinking.
4.
general disgust caused by excess or satiety.
verb (used with object)
5.
to bring to a state of surfeit by excess of food or drink.
6.
to supply with anything to excess or satiety; satiate.
verb (used without object)
7.
to eat or drink to excess.
8.
to suffer from the effects of overindulgence in eating or drinking.
9.
to indulge to excess in anything.
Origin of surfeit
1250-1300
1250-1300; (noun) Middle English sorfete, surfait < Middle French surfait, surfet (noun use of past participle of surfaire to overdo), equivalent to sur- sur-1 + fait < Latin factus, past participle of facere to do (see fact); (v.) sorfeten, derivative of the noun
Related forms
unsurfeited, adjective
unsurfeiting, adjective
Synonyms
1. superabundance, superfluity. 5, 6. stuff, gorge. 6. fill.
Antonyms
1. lack.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for surfeit
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • We may have enough of justice in our character as rebels to give us a surfeit of it.

    Micah Clarke Arthur Conan Doyle
  • Her life had been unfortunate, and of horrors she had touched a surfeit.

    The Life of Cesare Borgia Raphael Sabatini
  • Ay, and in the enjoyment of external beauty a sort of surfeit is engendered.

    The Symposium Xenophon
  • Adventure is all very well, but I have discovered that one can get a surfeit of it.

    The Pirate of Panama William MacLeod Raine
  • In the state it is all hunger at one end, and all surfeit at the other.

    Crotchet Castle Thomas Love Peacock
  • I fancied I had left them all behind me in the city, where one has such a surfeit of them.

  • She was ready to meet love with a surfeit of the rich gifts which she had at her command.

    "Unto Caesar" Baroness Emmuska Orczy
  • There was enough to surfeit twice as many persons as sat down to table.

    Dona Perfecta B. Perez Galdos
British Dictionary definitions for surfeit

surfeit

/ˈsɜːfɪt/
noun
1.
(usually foll by of) an excessive or immoderate amount
2.
overindulgence, esp in eating or drinking
3.
disgust, nausea, etc, caused by such overindulgence
verb
4.
(transitive) to supply or feed excessively; satiate
5.
(intransitive) (archaic) to eat, drink, or be supplied to excess
6.
(intransitive) (obsolete) to feel uncomfortable as a consequence of overindulgence
Derived Forms
surfeiter, noun
Word Origin
C13: from French surfait, from surfaire to overdo, from sur-1 + faire, from Latin facere to do
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for surfeit
n.

early 14c., "excess quantity;" late 14c., "overindulgence," from Old French surfet "excess," noun use of past participle of surfaire "overdo," from sur- "over" (see sur-) + faire "do," from Latin facere "to make" (see factitious).

v.

late 14c., from surfeit (n.). Related: Surfeited; surfeiting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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