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[soo-suh, -sah] /ˈsu sə, -sɑ/
a ruined city in W Iran: the capital of ancient Elam; palaces of Darius and Artaxerxes I; stele containing the Code of Hammurabi discovered here.
Biblical name Shushan.


[ee-luh m] /ˈi ləm/
an ancient kingdom E of Babylonia and N of the Persian Gulf.
Capital: Susa.
Also called Susiana. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for Susa
Historical Examples
  • Our definite knowledge of the domestic animals of Susa is very small.

  • Prexaspes, when he had returned from Susa, had reported that he had killed him.

    Darius the Great Jacob Abbott
  • The bulbs or roots were brought from Susa to Constantinople, and for that reason it was formerly called lilium Susianum.

  • Now he summoned him, and asked him to take care of the tent and the lady from Susa.

    Cyropaedia Xenophon
  • Susa (p. 508) lay a little to the east, and Exilles was directly in their way.

    The Huguenots in France Samuel Smiles.
  • The fact was, he had been summoned by the king to Susa and had not gone up.

    Hellenica Xenophon
  • Through the mountainous district of Savoy progress was markedly slower, the sixty miles from Chambry to Susa taking six days.

    Medival Byways Louis F. Salzmann
  • They did not come there directly from Persepolis or Susa, but from Mesopotamia.

  • This thing Histiaios was doing, because he was greatly vexed by being detained at Susa.

  • Before leaving Susa he must have thought over every incident likely to occur.

    Won by the Sword G.A. Henty
British Dictionary definitions for Susa


an ancient city north of the Persian Gulf: capital of Elam and of the Persian Empire; flourished as a Greek polis under the Seleucids and Parthians Biblical name Shushan


an ancient kingdom east of the River Tigris: established before 4000 bc; probably inhabited by a non-Semitic people
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Susa in the Bible

highland, the son of Shem (Gen. 10:22), and the name of the country inhabited by his descendants (14:1, 9; Isa. 11:11; 21:2, etc.) lying to the east of Babylonia, and extending to the shore of the Mediterranean, a distance in a direct line of about 1,000 miles. The name Elam is an Assyrian word meaning "high." "The inhabitants of Elam, or 'the Highlands,' to the east of Babylon, were called Elamites. They were divided into several branches, speaking different dialects of the same agglutinative language. The race to which they belonged was brachycephalic, or short-headed, like the pre-Semitic Sumerians of Babylonia. "The earliest Elamite kingdom seems to have been that of Anzan, the exact site of which is uncertain; but in the time of Abraham, Shushan or Susa appears to have already become the capital of the country. Babylonia was frequently invaded by the Elamite kings, who at times asserted their supremacy over it (as in the case of Chedorlaomer, the Kudur-Lagamar, or 'servant of the goddess Lagamar,' of the cuneiform texts). "The later Assyrian monarchs made several campaigns against Elam, and finally Assur-bani-pal (about B.C. 650) succeeded in conquering the country, which was ravaged with fire and sword. On the fall of the Assyrian Empire, Elam passed into the hands of the Persians" (A.H. Sayce). This country was called by the Greeks Cissia or Susiana.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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