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[sim-fuh-sis] /ˈsɪm fə sɪs/
noun, plural symphyses
[sim-fuh-seez] /ˈsɪm fəˌsiz/ (Show IPA).
Anatomy, Zoology.
the growing together, or the fixed or nearly fixed union, of bones, as that of the two halves of the lower jaw in humans or of the pubic bones in the anterior part of the pelvic girdle.
a line of junction or articulation so formed.
Origin of symphysis
1570-80; < New Latin < Greek sýmphysis a growing together, equivalent to sym- sym- + phýsis, equivalent to phy-, stem of phȳ́ein to grow (see be) + -sis -sis
Related forms
[sim-fis-tik] /sɪmˈfɪs tɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for symphysis


noun (pl) -ses (-ˌsiːz)
(anatomy, botany) a growing together of parts or structures, such as two bony surfaces joined by an intermediate layer of fibrous cartilage
a line marking this growing together
(pathol) an abnormal adhesion of two or more parts or structures
Derived Forms
symphysial, symphyseal (sɪmˈfɪzɪəl) adjective
symphystic (sɪmˈfɪstɪk), symphytic, adjective
Word Origin
C16: via New Latin from Greek sumphusis, from sumphuein, from syn- + phuein to grow
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for symphysis

Modern Latin, from Greek symphysis "a growing together," from syn "together" (see syn-) + physis "growth" (see physics).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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symphysis in Medicine

symphysis sym·phy·sis (sĭm'fĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. sym·phy·ses (-sēz')

  1. A form of cartilaginous joint in which union between two bones is effected by fibrocartilage without a synovial membrane.

  2. A union, meeting point, or commissure of two structures.

  3. A growing together of bones originally separate, as of the two pubic bones.

  4. A line or junction thus formed.

  5. A pathological adhesion or growing together.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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