- the combining of the constituent elements of separate material or abstract entities into a single or unified entity (opposed to analysis,) the separating of any material or abstract entity into its constituent elements.
- a complex whole formed by combining.
- Chemistry. the forming or building of a more complex substance or compound from elements or simpler compounds.
- Philosophy. the third stage of argument in Hegelian dialectic, which reconciles the mutually contradictory first two propositions, thesis and antithesis.
- Biology. modern synthesis, a consolidation of the results of various lines of investigation from the 1920s through the 1950s that supported and reconciled the Darwinian theory of evolution and the Mendelian laws of inheritance in terms of natural selection acting on genetic variation.
- Psychology, Psychiatry. the integration of traits, attitudes, and impulses to create a total personality.
Origin of synthesis
- an interpretive method, originally used to relate specific entities or events to the absolute idea, in which some assertible proposition (thesis) is necessarily opposed by an equally assertible and apparently contradictory proposition (antithesis), the mutual contradiction being reconciled on a higher level of truth by a third proposition (synthesis).
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for syntheses
In all these syntheses the fundamental change is the same, viz.Coal
Its syntheses were based on elements already in combination.French Art
W. C. Brownell
It must not be supposed that no syntheses of alkaloids have been effected as yet.
And what are the hypotheses which science frames in order to explain phenomena but syntheses of factors framed in consciousness?An Interpretation of Rudolf Eucken's Philosophy
W. Tudor Jones
These latter are syntheses of many ideas, and centuries of human thought have laboured on their gigantic figures.Hinduism and Buddhism, Vol I. (of 3)
- philosophy an interpretive method in which the contradiction between a proposition (thesis) and its antithesis is resolved at a higher level of truth (synthesis)
- the process of combining objects or ideas into a complex wholeCompare analysis
- the combination or whole produced by such a process
- the process of producing a compound by a chemical reaction or series of reactions, usually from simpler or commonly available starting materials
- linguistics the use of inflections rather than word order and function words to express the syntactic relations in a languageCompare analysis (def. 5)
- philosophy archaic synthetic reasoning
- (in the writings of Kant) the unification of one concept with another not contained in itCompare analysis (def. 7)
- the final stage in the Hegelian dialectic, that resolves the contradiction between thesis and antithesis
C17: via Latin from Greek sunthesis, from suntithenai to put together, from syn- + tithenai to place
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for syntheses
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- The combining of separate elements or substances to form a coherent whole.
- Formation of a chemical compound from simpler compounds or elements.
- A period in the cell cycle.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
- The formation of a chemical compound through the combination of simpler compounds or elements.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.