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[pahrt] /pɑrt/
a portion or division of a whole that is separate or distinct; piece, fragment, fraction, or section; constituent:
the rear part of the house; to glue the two parts together.
an essential or integral attribute or quality:
a sense of humor is part of a healthy personality.
a section or division of a literary work.
a portion, member, or organ of an animal body.
any of a number of more or less equal quantities that compose a whole or into which a whole is divided:
Use two parts sugar to one part cocoa.
an allotted portion; share.
Usually, parts.
  1. a region, quarter, or district:
    a journey to foreign parts.
  2. a quality or attribute establishing the possessor as a person of importance or superior worth:
    Being both a diplomat and a successful businesswoman, she is widely regarded as a woman of parts.
either of the opposing sides in a contest, question, agreement, etc.
the dividing line formed in separating the hair of the head and combing it in different directions.
a constituent piece of a machine or tool either included at the time of manufacture or set in place as a replacement for the original piece.
  1. the written or printed matter extracted from the score that a single performer or section uses in the performance of concerted music:
    a horn part.
  2. a section or division of a composition:
    the allegro part of the first movement.
participation, interest, or concern in something; role:
The neighbors must have had some part in planning the surprise party.
a person's share in or contribution to some action; duty, function, or office:
You must do your part if we're to finish by tonight.
a character or role acted in a play or sustained in real life.
verb (used with object)
to divide (a thing) into parts; break; cleave; divide.
to comb (the hair) away from a dividing line.
to divide into shares; distribute in parts; apportion.
to put or keep apart; separate:
They parted the calves from the herd.
  1. to separate (silver) from gold in refining.
  2. to cut (one part) away from a piece, as an end from a billet.
  3. to keep the surface of (a casting) separate from the sand of the mold.
Obsolete. to leave.
verb (used without object)
to be or become divided into parts; break or cleave:
The oil tanker parted amidships.
to go or come apart; separate, as two or more things.
to go apart from or leave one another, as persons:
We'll part no more.
to be or become separated from something else (usually followed by from).
Nautical. to break or become torn apart, as a cable.
to depart.
to die.
partial; of a part:
part owner.
in part; partly:
part black.
Verb phrases
part with, to give up (property, control, etc.); relinquish:
to part with one's money.
for one's part, as far as concerns one:
For my part, you can do whatever you please.
for the most part, with respect to the greatest part; on the whole; generally; usually; mostly:
They are good students, for the most part.
in good part,
  1. without offense; in a good-natured manner; amiably:
    She was able to take teasing in good part.
  2. to a great extent; largely:
    His success is in good part ascribable to dogged determination.
in part, in some measure or degree; to some extent; partly; partially:
The crop failure was due in part to unusual weather conditions.
on the part of,
  1. so far as pertains to or concerns one:
    He expressed appreciation on the part of himself and his colleagues.
  2. as done or manifested by:
    attention on the part of the audience.
Also, on one's part.
part and parcel, an essential, necessary, or integral part:
Her love for her child was part and parcel of her life.
part company,
  1. to bid farewell or go separate ways; leave one another.
  2. to dissolve a personal affiliation, relationship, etc., especially because of irreconcilable differences.
  3. to disagree.
take part, to participate; share or partake:
They refused to take part in any of the activities of the community.
take someone's part, to align oneself with; support; defend:
His parents took his part, even though he was obviously in the wrong.
Origin of part
before 1000; (noun) Middle English (< Old French < L), Old English < Latin part- (stem of pars) piece, portion; (v.) Middle English parten < Old French partir < Latin partīre, derivative of pars
Related forms
multipart, adjective
subpart, noun
1. component, ingredient, division, sector. Part, piece, portion, segment, section, fraction, fragment refer to something that is less than the whole. Part is the general word: part of a house. A piece suggests a part which is itself a complete unit or it may mean an irregular fragment: a piece of pie; a piece of a broken vase. A portion is a part allotted or assigned to a person, purpose, etc.: a portion of food. A segment is often a part into which something separates naturally: a segment of an orange. Section suggests a relatively substantial, clearly separate part that fits closely with other parts to form a whole: a section of a fishing rod, a book. Fraction suggests a less substantial but still clearly delimited part, often separate from other parts: a fraction of his former income. Fragment suggests a broken, inconsequential, incomplete part, with irregular or imprecise outlines or boundaries: a fragment of broken pottery, of information. 6. apportionment, lot. 13. responsibility. 18. sever, sunder, dissociate, disconnect, disjoin, detach.
1. whole. 15. join. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for take part
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • The weather now began to take part in the general agitation.

    The Underdog F. Hopkinson Smith
  • But his modesty would not permit him to take part in such a demonstration.

    Self-Help Samuel Smiles
  • “We will be ready to take part in the first battle that takes place,” said Ben.

    The Dare Boys of 1776 Stephen Angus Cox
  • He had quite forgotten that he was not to take part in the fight.

    The Prisoner of Zenda Anthony Hope
  • The wife of an officer has to take part in balls and official gatherings.

    The Sexual Question August Forel
British Dictionary definitions for take part


a piece or portion of a whole
an integral constituent of something: dancing is part of what we teach
  1. an amount less than the whole; bit: they only recovered part of the money
  2. (as modifier): an old car in part exchange for a new one
one of several equal or nearly equal divisions: mix two parts flour to one part water
  1. an actor's role in a play
  2. the speech and actions which make up such a role
  3. a written copy of these
a person's proper role or duty: everyone must do his part
(often pl) region; area: you're well known in these parts
(anatomy) any portion of a larger structure
a component that can be replaced in a machine, engine, etc: spare parts
(US & Canadian, Austral) the line of scalp showing when sections of hair are combed in opposite directions British equivalent parting
  1. one of a number of separate melodic lines making up the texture of music
  2. one of such melodic lines, which is assigned to one or more instrumentalists or singers: the viola part, the soprano solo part
  3. such a line performed from a separately written or printed copy See part song
for the most part, generally
for one's part, as far as one is concerned
in part, to some degree; partly
of many parts, having many different abilities
on the part of, on behalf of
part and parcel, an essential ingredient
play a part
  1. to pretend to be what one is not
  2. (foll by in) to have something to do (with); be instrumental (in): to play a part in the king's downfall
take in good part, to respond to (teasing) with good humour
take part in, to participate in
take someone's part, to support someone in an argument
to divide or separate from one another; take or come apart: to part the curtains, the seams parted when I washed the dress
to go away or cause to go away from one another; stop or cause to stop seeing each other: the couple parted amicably
(intransitive) foll by from. to leave; say goodbye (to)
(intransitive) foll by with. to relinquish, esp reluctantly: I couldn't part with my teddy bear
(transitive) foll by from. to cause to relinquish, esp reluctantly: he's not easily parted from his cash
(intransitive) to split; separate: the path parts here
(transitive) to arrange (the hair) in such a way that a line of scalp is left showing
(intransitive) a euphemism for die1 (sense 1)
(intransitive) (archaic) to depart
part company
  1. to end a friendship or association, esp as a result of a quarrel; separate: they were in partnership, but parted company last year
  2. (foll by with) to leave; go away from; be separated from
to some extent; partly
See also parts
Word Origin
C13: via Old French from Latin partīre to divide, from pars a part
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for take part



mid-13c., "division, portion of a whole," from Old French part "share, portion; character; power, dominion; side, way, path," from Latin partem (nominative pars) "a part, piece, a share, a division; a party or faction; a part of the body; a fraction; a function, office," related to portio "share, portion," from PIE root *pere- "to assign, allot" (cf. Greek peprotai "it has been granted," Sanskrit purtam "reward," Hittite parshiya- "fraction, part").

It has replaced native deal (n.) in most senses. Theatrical sense (late 15c.) is from an actor's "share" in a performance (The Latin plural partis was used in the same sense). Meaning "the parting of the hair" is 1890, American English.

As an adjective from 1590s. Late Old English part "part of speech" did not survive and the modern word is considered a separate borrowing. Phrase for the most part is from late 14c. To take part "participate" is from late 14c.



c.1200, "to divide into parts; separate oneself," from Old French partir "to divide, separate" (10c.), from Latin partire, partere "to share, part, distribute, divide," from pars (see part (n.)).

Sense of "to separate (someone from someone else)" is from early 14c.; that of "to take leave" is from early 15c. Meaning "to separate the hair" is attested from 1610s. Related: Parted; parting. To part with "surrender" is from c.1300.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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take part in Medicine

part (pärt)

  1. A portion, division, piece, or segment of a whole.

  2. Any of several equal portions or fractions that can constitute a whole or into which a whole can be divided.

  3. An organ, a member, or another division of an organism.

  4. An anatomical part; pars.

  5. parts The external genitalia.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for take part


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The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with take part

take part

Play a role in, share in, participate, as in Will you be taking part in the wedding? or He did not take part in the discussion. [ Late 1300s ]
Also see: take one's part
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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