- a piece or mass of solid matter without regular shape or of no particular shape: a lump of coal.
- a protuberance or swelling: a blow that raised a lump on his head.
- an aggregation, collection, or mass; clump: All the articles were piled in a great lump.
- Also called lump of sugar. a small block of granulated sugar, designed for sweetening hot coffee, tea, etc.: How many lumps do you take in your coffee?
- majority; plurality; multitude: The great lump of voters are still undecided.
- lumps, Informal. harsh criticism, punishment, or defeat: The new theory came in for some lumps when other scholars heard of it.
- Informal. a heavy, clumsy, and usually stupid person.
- in the form of a lump or lumps: lump sugar.
- made up of a number of items taken together; not separated or considered separately: The debts were paid in one lump sum.
- to unite into one aggregation, collection, or mass (often followed by together): We lumped the reds and blues together.
- to deal with, handle, consider, etc., in the lump or mass: to lump unrelated matters indiscriminately.
- to make into a lump or lumps: to lump dough before shaping it into loaves.
- to raise into or cover with lumps: a plow lumping the moist earth.
- to form or raise a lump or lumps: Stir the gravy so that it doesn't lump.
- to move heavily and awkwardly: The big oaf lumped along beside me.
- get/take one's lumps, to receive or endure hardship, punishment, criticism, etc.: Without its star pitcher, the baseball team will get its lumps today.
Origin of lump1
- a small solid mass without definite shape
- pathol any small swelling or tumour
- a collection of things; aggregate
- informal an awkward, heavy, or stupid person
- (plural) US informal punishment, defeat, or reverseshe took his lumps
- the lump British
- self-employed workers in the building trade considered collectively, esp with reference to tax and national insurance evasion
- (as modifier)lump labour
- (modifier) in the form of a lump or lumpslump sugar
- a lump in one's throat a tight dry feeling in one's throat, usually caused by great emotion
- (tr often foll by together) to collect into a mass or group
- (intr) to grow into lumps or become lumpy
- (tr) to consider as a single group, often without justification
- (tr) to make or cause lumps in or on
- (intr often foll by along) to move or proceed in a heavy manner
- (tr) informal to tolerate or put up with; endure (in the phrase lump it)
Word Origin and History for take one's lumps
early 14c., lumpe (1224 as surname), probably in Old English, perhaps from a Scandinavian source (cf. cognate Danish lumpe, 16c.), of unknown origin. Cf. also Middle High German lumpe, early modern Dutch lompe. Phrase lump in (one's) throat "feeling of tightness brought on by emotion" is from 1803. Lumps "hard knocks, a beating" is colloquial, from 1934. Lump sum, one covering a number of items, is from 1867.
"endure" (now usually in contrast to like), 1791, apparently an extended sense from an older meaning "to look sulky, dislike" (1570s), of unknown origin, perhaps a symbolic sound (cf. grump, harumph, etc.). Related: Lumped; lumping.
LUMPING. Great. A lumping pennyworth; a great qualtity for the money, a bargain. He has got a lumping pennyworth; frequently said of a man who marries a fat woman. ["Dictionary of Buckish Slang, University Wit, and Pickpocket Eloquence," London, 1811]
early 15c., "to curl up in a ball, to gather into a lump" (implied in lumped), from lump (n.). Meaning "to put together in one mass or group" is from 1620s. Related: Lumped; lumping.