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or Tehran

[te-ran, -rahn, te-huh-, tey-uh-; Persian te-hrahn] /tɛˈræn, -ˈrɑn, ˌtɛ hə-, ˌteɪ ə-; Persian tɛˈhrɑn/
a city in and the capital of Iran, in the N part: wartime conference of Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin 1943.


[ih-ran, ih-rahn, ahy-ran] /ɪˈræn, ɪˈrɑn, aɪˈræn/
a republic in SW Asia. About 635,000 sq. mi. (1,644,650 sq. km).
Capital: Teheran.
Formerly (until 1935) Persia. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for Teheran
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • She first became interested in the East when visiting her uncle at Teheran, where he was British minister.

    War in the Garden of Eden Kermit Roosevelt
  • I valued this bracelet; it had been brought to me from Teheran.

    Samuel Brohl & Company Victor Cherbuliez
  • The Bahai school in Teheran worked under cover for some years.

    Bahaism and Its Claims Samuel Graham Wilson
  • On December 13 I arrived at Teheran, having driven 800 miles in a month.

    From Pole to Pole Sven Anders Hedin
  • Your removal from Teheran was the result of an intrigue on the part of the English.

    Mysterious Mr. Sabin E. Phillips Oppenheim
  • I came back to Teheran at last, in the middle of January, 1863.

  • I replied, that I would give him an answer in Teheran, and this set him at rest for a time.

  • Meanwhile I had been preparing at my leisure for the winter journey to Teheran.

  • Hugo, it seemed, had come back from Teheran with a decoration and the air of an ambassador.

    The Hill Horace Annesley Vachell
British Dictionary definitions for Teheran


a republic in SW Asia, between the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf: a monarchy until an Islamic revolution in 1979 headed by the Ayatollah Khomeini when the Shah was obliged to leave the country. Consists chiefly of a high central desert plateau almost completely surrounded by mountains, a semitropical fertile region along the Caspian coast, and a hot and dry area beside the Persian Gulf. Oil is the most important export. Official language: Persian (Iranian or Farsi). Official religion: Muslim majority. Currency: rial. Capital: Tehran. Pop: 79 853 900 (2013 est). Area: 1 647 050 sq km (635 932 sq miles) Former name (until 1935) Persia Official name Islamic Republic of Iran See also Persian Empire
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Teheran


from Persian Iran, from Middle Persian Ērān "(land) of the Iranians," genitive plural of ēr- "an Iranian," from Old Iranian *arya- (Old Persian ariya-, Avestan airya-) "Iranian", from Indo-Iranian *arya- or *ārya- (see Aryan), a self-designation, perhaps meaning "compatriot." In 1935 the government of Reza Shah Pahlavi requested governments with which it had diplomatic relations to call his country Iran, after the indigenous name, rather than the Greek-derived Persia.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Teheran in Culture
Teheran [(te-rahn, te-ran, tay-uh-rahn, tay-uh-ran)]

Capital of Iran and the largest city in the country; located in northern Iran.

Note: Site of the Teheran Conference (1943), at which United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin met and agreed on Allied war plans and postwar cooperation in the United Nations.
Iran [(i-ran, i-rahn, eye-ran)]

Republic in the Middle East, bordered by Armenia, the Caspian Sea, Turkmenistan, and Azerbaijan to the north; Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east; the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf to the south; and Iraq and Turkey to the west. Its capital and largest city is Teheran.

Note: Core of the ancient Persian Empire, Iran was known as Persia until 1935.
Note: The United States supported the regime of the shah (king) Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, who was forced by popular opposition to leave the country in 1979.
Note: Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini ruled from 1979 until his death in 1989, imposing strict Islamic law.
Note: In 1979, Iranian militants attacked the U.S. embassy and seized hostages, including sixty-two Americans, who were held until 1981.
Note: Iraq unsuccessfully invaded Iran in 1980.
Note: The Iranian government was widely believed to have controlled the taking of U. S. hostages in Lebanon. (See Iran-Contra affair.)
Note: The 1990s saw some moderating elements emerge to challenge the conservative heirs to Khomeini.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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