id. (1.) A grandson of Esau, one of the "dukes of Edom" (Gen. 36:11, 15, 42). (2.) A place in Southern Idumea, the land of "the sons of the east," frequently mentioned in the Old Testament. It was noted for the wisdom of its inhabitants (Amos 1:12; Obad. 1:8; Jer. 49:7; Ezek. 25:13). It was divided from the hills of Paran by the low plain of Arabah (Hab. 3:3).
Eliphaz, one of his friends, belonged to teman, a district or city of Iduma.
The religion of teman may have owed some of its great thoughts to Israel.
God shall come from teman, and the Holy One from the shady and close mountain.
It is said that Eliphaz, one of the interlocutors, is of teman, which was an ancient city of Arabia.
There is therefore no need to take teman in our passage as a city, as which it does not appear before Eusebius.
They traveled through the land of teman, between Edom and the Arabian desert.
The vine, again, may have shed its unripe grapes in teman; but usually they wither.
The beliefs of teman, sincerely held, were better than the degenerate religion of Israel against which Amos testified.