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tempest

[tem-pist]
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noun
  1. a violent windstorm, especially one with rain, hail, or snow.
  2. a violent commotion, disturbance, or tumult.
verb (used with object)
  1. to affect by or as by a tempest; disturb violently.
Idioms
  1. tempest in a teacup. teacup(def 3).

Origin of tempest

1200–50; Middle English tempeste < Old French < Vulgar Latin *tempesta, for Latin tempestās season, weather, storm, equivalent to tempes- (variant stem of tempus time) + -tās -ty2

Tempest, The

noun
  1. a comedy (1611) by Shakespeare.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for tempest

tempest

noun
  1. mainly literary a violent wind or storm
  2. a violent commotion, uproar, or disturbance
verb
  1. (tr) poetic to agitate or disturb violently

Word Origin

C13: from Old French tempeste, from Latin tempestās storm, from tempus time
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for tempest

n.

"violent storm," mid-13c., from Old French tempeste (11c.), from Vulgar Latin *tempesta, from Latin tempestas (genitive tempestatis) "storm, weather, season," also "commotion, disturbance," related to tempus "time, season" (see temporal). Sense evolution is from "period of time" to "period of weather," to "bad weather" to "storm." Words for "weather" were originally words for "time" in languages from Russia to Brittany. Figurative sense of "violent commotion" is recorded from early 14c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper