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tenon

[ten-uh n] /ˈtɛn ən/
noun
1.
a projection formed on the end of a timber or the like for insertion into a mortise of the same dimensions.
verb (used with object)
2.
to provide with a tenon.
3.
to join by or as by a tenon.
4.
to join securely.
Origin of tenon
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Middle French, equivalent to ten(ir) to hold (< Latin tenēre) + -on noun suffix
Related forms
tenoner, noun

teno-

1.
a combining form meaning “tendon,” used in the formation of compound words:
tenotomy.
Also, tenon-.
Origin
combining form representing Greek ténōn
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for tenon
Historical Examples
  • The tenon is one hole in length, and the head of the standard one hole and a half in length.

  • A stub mortise-and-tenon is made by cutting only two sides of the tenon beam.

    Handwork in Wood

    William Noyes
  • On the working edge near the end mark the thickness of the tenon.

    Handwork in Wood

    William Noyes
  • It is used to keep a tenon tightly fixed as in wheel spokes.

    Handwork in Wood

    William Noyes
  • The rule is that the tenon should be one-half the width of the rail, minus the groove.

    Handwork in Wood

    William Noyes
  • The width of the mortise is equal to the width of the groove, its length to the width of the tenon.

    Handwork in Wood

    William Noyes
  • The tenon should be strong enough to share the strain with the shoulders.

    Handwork in Wood

    William Noyes
  • A tenon should not be so large as to weaken the mortised piece.

    Handwork in Wood

    William Noyes
  • The joints may be made with dowels, or the mortise and tenon may be used, as desired.

    Mission Furniture

    H. H. Windsor
  • This board should have a thickness equal to the piece to be cut from the side of the tenon.

    Mission Furniture

    H. H. Windsor
British Dictionary definitions for tenon

tenon

/ˈtɛnən/
noun
1.
the projecting end of a piece of wood formed to fit into a corresponding mortise in another piece
verb (transitive)
2.
to form a tenon on (a piece of wood)
3.
to join with a tenon and mortise
Derived Forms
tenoner, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French, from tenir to hold, from Latin tenēre

teno-

combining form
1.
tendon: tenosynovitis
Word Origin
from Greek tenōn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for tenon
n.

projection inserted to make a joint, c.1400, from Middle French tenon "a tenon," from Old French tenir "to hold" (see tenet).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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tenon in Medicine

teno- or tenon-
pref.
Tendon: tenotomy.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Word Value for tenon

5
7
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