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tense1

[tens]
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adjective, tens·er, tens·est.
  1. stretched tight, as a cord, fiber, etc.; drawn taut; rigid.
  2. in a state of mental or nervous strain; high-strung; taut: a tense person.
  3. characterized by a strain upon the nerves or feelings: a tense moment.
  4. Phonetics. pronounced with relatively tense tongue muscles; narrow.Compare lax(def 7).
verb (used with or without object), tensed, tens·ing.
  1. to make or become tense.

Origin of tense1

1660–70; < Latin tēnsus past participle of tendere to stretch; see tend1
Related formstense·ly, adverbtense·ness, nounun·tens·ing, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for tenseness

Historical Examples

  • For a moment they were tense with the tenseness of imminent death.

    Pirates of the Gorm

    Nat Schachner

  • Coleman's voice cut through the air of tenseness like a knife.

    The Velvet Glove

    Harry Harrison

  • And she thought of Mary and of all she had admitted in the tenseness of their conversation.

    The Gorgeous Girl</p>

    Nalbro Bartley

  • He could feel the tenseness build up again in the compartment.

    Decision

    Frank M. Robinson

  • He had smoothed his brows out with his hand, indeed, as if their tenseness hurt him.

    The Prisoner

    Alice Brown


British Dictionary definitions for tenseness

tense1

adjective
  1. stretched or stressed tightly; taut or rigid
  2. under mental or emotional strain
  3. producing mental or emotional straina tense day
  4. (of a speech sound) pronounced with considerable muscular effort and having relatively precise accuracy of articulation and considerable durationin English the vowel ( ) in ``beam'' is tense Compare lax (def. 4)
verb
  1. (often foll by up) to make or become tense
Derived Formstensely, adverbtenseness, noun

Word Origin

C17: from Latin tensus taut, from tendere to stretch

tense2

noun
  1. grammar a category of the verb or verbal inflections, such as present, past, and future, that expresses the temporal relations between what is reported in a sentence and the time of its utterance
Derived Formstenseless, adjective

Word Origin

C14: from Old French tens time, from Latin tempus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for tenseness

tense

v.

"to make tense," 1670s, from tense (adj.); intransitive sense of "to become tense" (often tense up) is recorded from 1946. Related: Tensed; tensing.

tense

adj.

"stretched tight," 1660s, from Latin tensus, past participle of tendere "to stretch" (see tenet). Sense of "in a state of nervous tension" is first recorded 1821.

tense

n.

"form of a verb showing time of an action or state," early 14c., tens "time," also "tense of a verb" (late 14c.), from Old French tens "time" (11c.), from Latin tempus (see temporal).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

tenseness in Culture

tense

An inflectional (see inflection) form of verbs; it expresses the time at which the action described by the verb takes place. The major tenses are past, present, and future. The verb in “I sing” is in the present tense; in “I sang,” past tense; in “I will sing,” future tense. Other tenses are the present perfect (“I have sung”), the past perfect (“I had sung”), and the future perfect (“I will have sung”).

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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