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thirteen

[thur-teen]
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noun
  1. a cardinal number, 10 plus 3.
  2. a symbol for this number, as 13 or XIII.
  3. a set of this many persons or things.
adjective
  1. amounting to 13 in number.

Origin of thirteen

before 900; late Middle English thirttene, variant of Middle English thrittene, Old English thrēotēne; cognate with Dutch dertien, German dreizehn, Old Norse threttān. See three, -teen
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for thirteen

thirteen

noun
  1. the cardinal number that is the sum of ten and three and is a prime numberSee also number (def. 1)
  2. a numeral, 13, XIII, etc, representing this number
  3. the amount or quantity that is three more than ten; baker's dozen
  4. something represented by, representing, or consisting of 13 units
determiner
    1. amounting to thirteenthirteen buses
    2. (as pronoun)thirteen of them fell

Word Origin

Old English threotēne; see three, -teen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for thirteen

n.

early 15c., metathesis of Old English þreotene (Mercian), þreotiene (West Saxon), from þreo "three" (see three) + -tene (see -teen). Cf. Old Frisian thretten, Dutch dertien, German dreizehn.

Not an unlucky number in medieval England, but associated rather with the customary "extra item" (e.g. baker's dozen). Superstitions began with association with the Last Supper, and the unluckiness of 13 sitting down together to dine (attested from 1690s). Most of the modern superstitions (buildings with floor "12-A," etc.) have developed since 1890.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper