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[tahy-mok-ruh-see] /taɪˈmɒk rə si/
noun, plural timocracies.
a form of government in which love of honor is the dominant motive of the rulers.
a form of government in which a certain amount of property is requisite as a qualification for office.
Origin of timocracy
1580-90; earlier timocratie (< F) < Greek tīmokratía, equivalent to tīmo- (combining form of tīmḗ honor, worth) + -kratia -cracy
Related forms
[tahy-muh-krat-ik] /ˌtaɪ məˈkræt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
timocratical, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for timocracy


noun (pl) -cies
a political unit or system in which possession of property serves as the first requirement for participation in government
a political unit or system in which love of honour is deemed the guiding principle of government
Derived Forms
timocratic (ˌtaɪməˈkrætɪk), timocratical, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Old French tymocracie, ultimately from Greek timokratia, from timē worth, honour, price + -cracy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for timocracy

1580s, from Middle French tymocracie, from Medieval Latin timocratia (13c.), from Greek timokratia, from time "honor, worth" (related to tiein "to place a value on, to honor") + -kratia "rule" (see -cracy). In Plato's philosophy, a form of government in which ambition for power and glory motivates the rulers (as in Sparta). In Aristotle, a form of government in which political power is in direct proportion to property ownership.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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