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timorous

[tim-er-uh s]
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adjective
  1. full of fear; fearful: The noise made them timorous.
  2. subject to fear; timid.
  3. characterized by or indicating fear: a timorous whisper.

Origin of timorous

1400–50; late Middle English < Medieval Latin timōrōsus (Latin timōr- (stem of timor) fear + -ōsus -ous)
Related formstim·or·ous·ly, adverbtim·or·ous·ness, nouno·ver·tim·or·ous, adjectiveo·ver·tim·or·ous·ly, adverbo·ver·tim·or·ous·ness, nounun·tim·or·ous, adjectiveun·tim·or·ous·ly, adverbun·tim·or·ous·ness, noun

Synonym study

1. See cowardly.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for timorous

timorous

adjective
  1. fearful or timid
  2. indicating fear or timidity
Derived Formstimorously, adverbtimorousness, noun

Word Origin

C15: from Old French temoros, from Medieval Latin timōrōsus, from Latin timor fear, from timēre to be afraid
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for timorous

adj.

mid-15c., from Old French temeros (14c.), from Medieval Latin timorosus "fearful," from Latin timor "fear," from timere "to fear." Some early sense confused by mistaken identification with Middle English temerous "rash" (see temerity). Related: Timorously; timorousness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper