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[tawr-kweez] /ˈtɔr kwiz/
noun, Zoology.
a ringlike band or formation about the neck, as of feathers, hair, or integument of distinctive color or appearance; a collar.
Origin of torques
1560-70; < Latin torquēs twisted necklace or collar, equivalent to torqu(ēre) to twist (akin to Greek trépein to turn) + -ēs feminine deverbative noun suffix


[tawrk] /tɔrk/
Mechanics. something that produces or tends to produce torsion or rotation; the moment of a force or system of forces tending to cause rotation.
Machinery. the measured ability of a rotating element, as of a gear or shaft, to overcome turning resistance.
Optics. the rotational effect on plane-polarized light passing through certain liquids or crystals.
Also, torc. a collar, necklace, or similar ornament consisting of a twisted narrow band, usually of precious metal, worn especially by the ancient Gauls and Britons.
verb (used with object), torqued, torquing.
Machinery. to apply torque to (a nut, bolt, etc.).
to cause to rotate or twist.
verb (used without object), torqued, torquing.
to rotate or twist.
1825-35; < Latin torquēre to twist; (def 4) < French torque < Latin torques torques (torc perhaps < Irish ≪ L) Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for torques


a distinctive band of hair, feathers, skin, or colour around the neck of an animal; a collar
Derived Forms
torquate (ˈtɔːkwɪt; -kweɪt) adjective
Word Origin
C17: from Latin: necklace, from torquēre to twist


Also torc. a necklace or armband made of twisted metal, worn esp by the ancient Britons and Gauls
any force or system of forces that causes or tends to cause rotation
the ability of a shaft to cause rotation
Word Origin
C19: from Latin torquēs necklace, and torquēre to twist
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for torques



"rotating force," 1884, from Latin torquere "to twist" (see thwart). The verb is attested from 1954. The word also is used (since 1834) by antiquarians and others as a term for the twisted metal necklace worn anciently by Gauls, Britons, Germans, etc., from Latin torques in this sense. Earlier it had been called in English torques (1690s).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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torques in Medicine

torque (tôrk)
A turning or twisting force.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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torques in Science
The tendency of a force applied to an object to make it rotate about an axis. For a force applied at a single point, the magnitude of the torque is equal to the magnitude of the force multiplied by the distance from its point of application to an axis of rotation. Torque is also a vector quantity, equal to the vector product of the vector pointing from the axis to the point of application of force and the vector of force; torque thus points upward from a counterclockwise rotation. See also angular momentum, lever.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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