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track system

or track·ing sys·tem

[trak sis-tuh m or trak-ing sis-tuh m]
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noun Education.
  1. a system whereby students are separated into different groups or classes according to test scores or relative scholastic ability, as to assure that gifted students are not inhibited by slower learners.

Origin of track system

First recorded in 1955–60
Also called tracking, ability grouping.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018