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[trog-luh-dahyt] /ˈtrɒg ləˌdaɪt/
a prehistoric cave dweller.
a person of degraded, primitive, or brutal character.
a person living in seclusion.
a person unacquainted with affairs of the world.
an animal living underground.
Origin of troglodyte
1545-55; < Latin trōglodyta < Greek trōglodýtēs one who creeps into holes, cave dweller, equivalent to trōglo- (combining form of trṓglē a gnawed hole; cf. trogon) + dý(ein) to creep into + -tēs agent suffix
Related forms
[trog-luh-dit-ik] /ˌtrɒg ləˈdɪt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
troglodytical, adjective
[trog-luh-dahy-tiz-uh m] /ˈtrɒg lə daɪˌtɪz əm/ (Show IPA),
noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for troglodytic
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Passed a very uncomfortable night in our troglodytic mansion.

    Mount Rainier

  • With a certain number among us it passes into a state of unintermittent delirium under the name of troglodytic fever.

    Underground Man Gabriel Tarde
  • There is, I am told, a considerable influx of visitors of a special sort; they wear khaki and lead the troglodytic life.

    War and the Future H. G. Wells
  • In fact he thought he was addressing Bickley and playing off on him a troglodytic practical joke.

    When the World Shook H. Rider Haggard
  • Apparently they were under the impression that we had taken to troglodytic habits and required none.

  • troglodytic dwellings are to be found in many other places in Dordogne (see Cave).

  • At Meroe and Ptolemais937 in the troglodytic the longest day consists of thirteen equinoctial hours.

  • I doubt if ever a troglodytic ancestor of his had been as angry as Rodney was at that moment.

    The Real Adventure

    Henry Kitchell Webster
British Dictionary definitions for troglodytic


a cave dweller, esp one of the prehistoric peoples thought to have lived in caves
(informal) a person who lives alone and appears eccentric
Derived Forms
troglodytic (ˌtrɒɡləˈdɪtɪk), troglodytical, adjective
Word Origin
C16: via Latin from Greek trōglodutēs one who enters caves, from trōglē hole + duein to enter
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for troglodytic



"cave-dweller," 1550s, from Latin troglodytae (plural), from Greek troglodytes "cave-dweller," literally "one who creeps into holes," from trogle "hole" (from trogein "to gnaw;" see trout) + dyein "go in, dive in."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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