or tsar, tzar
- an emperor or king.
- (often initial capital letter) the former emperor of Russia.
- an autocratic ruler or leader.
- any person exercising great authority or power in a particular field: a czar of industry.
Origin of czar
Examples from the Web for tsar
He hosted him in the one-time office of Tsar Nicholas II that overlooks a tropical garden and the Black Sea.Putin's Crimea Is a Big Anti-Gay Casino
September 8, 2014
The Russian revolution of 1917 toppled the tsar and soon installed a bloodthirsty communist regime.Wounds of World War I Have Yet to Heal
Michael F. Bishop
June 28, 2014
“He would have thought he should be treated like a tsar,” says Patton.The Price of Being a Patton: Wrestling With the Legacy of America’s Most Famous General
May 26, 2014
One headline, decades earlier, must have struck him with the force of Tsar Bomba.Pale Fire and the Cold War: Redefining Vladimir Nabokov’s Masterpiece
October 13, 2013
"Historically, each Russian tsar built himself a new palace," said Andrei Petrov, a researcher for Green Peace in Moscow.A Secret Putin Palace on Russia’s Black Sea?
August 13, 2012
Otrepiev was shaken by the Tsar's manner, by the ferocity of his mien.
The problem that so long had plagued the Tsar was solved at last.
Then the Tsar bade them take him to the watch-house and put him among the guards.
Then the little Tsar rose upon his feet, stretched himself, and yawned.
And at night-time the little Tsar went to lie down and the tooth killed him.
- (until 1917) the emperor of Russia
- a tyrant; autocrat
- informal a public official charged with responsibility for dealing with a certain problem or issuea drugs tsar
- informal a person in authority; leader
- (formerly) any of several S Slavonic rulers, such as any of the princes of Serbia in the 14th century
- a variant spelling (esp US) of tsar
Word Origin and History for tsar
1660s, the more correct Latinization of Russian czar, from prehistoric Slavic *tsesar, from a Germanic source, ultimately from Latin Caesar. See czar.
1550s, from Russian tsar, from Old Slavic tsesari, from Gothic kaisar, from Greek kaisar, from Latin Caesar. First adopted by Russian emperor Ivan IV, 1547.
The spelling with cz- is against the usage of all Slavonic languages; the word was so spelt by Herberstein, Rerum Moscovit. Commentarii, 1549, the chief early source of knowledge as to Russia in Western Europe, whence it passed into the Western Languages generally; in some of these it is now old-fashioned; the usual Ger. form is now zar; French adopted tsar during the 19th c. This also became frequent in English towards the end of that century, having been adopted by the Times newspaper as the most suitable English spelling. [OED]
The Germanic form of the word also is the source of Finnish keisari, Estonian keisar. The transferred sense of "person with dictatorial powers" is first recorded 1866, American English, initially in reference to President Andrew Johnson. The fem. czarina is 1717, from Italian czarina, from Ger. Zarin, fem. of Zar "czar." The Russian fem. form is tsaritsa. His son is tsarevitch, his daughter is tsarevna.