In like manner miners indicated their setts by cutting four turves annually at the limits of their grounds.
I put some broken stones upon the covers, and turves upon them, and then the soil.
Now this house was roofed with turves, and the windows were barred so that none could pass through them.
He crept along again, and the turves upon his back crept with him.
Old English turf, tyrf "slab of soil and grass," also "surface of grassland," from Proto-Germanic *turb- (cf. Old Norse torf, Danish tørv, Old Frisian turf, Old High German zurba, German Torf), from PIE root *drbh- (cf. Sanskrit darbhah "tuft of grass").
French tourbe "turf" is a Germanic loan-word. The Old English plural was identical with the singluar, but in Middle English turves sometimes was used. Slang meaning "territory claimed by a gang" is attested from 1953 in Brooklyn, N.Y.; earlier it had a jive talk sense of "the street, the sidewalk" (1930s), which is attested in hobo use from 1899, and before that "the work and venue of a prostitute" (1860). Turf war is recorded from 1962.
early 15c., "to cover (ground) with turf," from turf (n.). Related: Turfed; turfing.
To transfer a patient to another ward or service in order to evade responsibility, decisions, irritations, etc (1970s+ Medical)
[turf, ''the road,'' in the first sense is found in hobo use by 1899]