• synonyms

type species

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noun Biology.
  1. the species of a genus that is regarded as the best example of the generic characters of the genus; the species from which a genus was originally named.

Origin of type species

First recorded in 1830–40
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for type species

Historical Examples

  • The type-species (D. giganteum) is calculated to have attained the length of 18 feet.

    The New Gresham Encyclopedia


  • The type-species of this genus is the Negro Cynopithecus, who is wholly black, and a little smaller than the Baboon.

    The Desert World

    Arthur Mangin

  • To recognise the identity of phenomena which thus differ only in degree, we must assume a type-species.

  • The type-species was originally found in N. America but has since been taken in several localities in continental Europe.

type species in Science

type species

  1. See holotype.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.