- an acute, infectious disease caused by several species of Rickettsia, transmitted by lice and fleas, and characterized by acute prostration, headache, and a peculiar eruption of reddish spots on the body.
Origin of typhus
Examples from the Web for typhus-fever
His wife's got the typhus-fever, and he's up nights watching with her—won't let anybody else.Madelon
Mary E. Wilkins Freeman
But she proves her sisterhood; her typhus-fever kills them: they actually were her brothers, though denying it!
All at once forty-five out of the eighty girls lay sick of typhus-fever.Emily Bront
A. Mary F. (Agnes Mary Frances) Robinson
Not even in Black Dahomey was it ever, I think, forgotten to the typhus-fever length.
A very disagreeable odor is exhaled from the bodies of typhus-fever patients after the first week.
- any one of a group of acute infectious rickettsial diseases characterized by high fever, skin rash, and severe headacheAlso called: typhus fever
Word Origin and History for typhus-fever
acute infectious fever, 1785, from Modern Latin (De Sauvages, 1759), from Greek typhos "stupor caused by fever," literally "smoke," from typhein "to smoke," related to typhos "blind," typhon "whirlwind," ultimately origin unknown. The disease so called from the prostration that it causes.
- Any of several forms of infectious disease caused by Rickettsia, especially those transmitted by fleas, lice, or mites, and characterized generally by severe headache, sustained high fever, depression, delirium, and the eruption of red rashes on the skin.camp fever prison fever
- Any of several forms of an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Rickettsia transmitted by fleas, mites, or especially lice, and characterized by severe headache, high fever, and skin rash. Louse-born bacteria that cause typhus are especially virulent and can cause epidemics of the disease, which may be fatal in people with weakened immune systems.