Bin Laden and his successor, Zawahiri, neither speak for the umma nor exercise influence over Arab public opinion.
A Lagash force defeated the men of umma, but appears to have done little more than hold in check their aggressive tendencies.
The Patesi of umma was evidently determined to free, once and for all, his native state from the yoke of Lagash.
In the language of Islam, umma is the world community of Moslems, while wattan is the Motherland.
No doubt Nin-Girsu represented a school of theology which was associated with unpleasant memories in umma.
"the Islamic community," founded by Muhammad and bound to one another by religious ties and obligations, 1855, from Arabic 'umma "people, community, nation."