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abate

[uh-beyt] /əˈbeɪt/
verb (used with object), abated, abating.
1.
to reduce in amount, degree, intensity, etc.; lessen; diminish:
to abate a tax; to abate one's enthusiasm.
2.
Law.
  1. to put an end to or suppress (a nuisance).
  2. to suspend or extinguish (an action).
  3. to annul (a writ).
3.
to deduct or subtract:
to abate part of the cost.
4.
to omit:
to abate all mention of names.
5.
to remove, as in stone carving, or hammer down, as in metalwork, (a portion of a surface) in order to produce a figure or pattern in low relief.
verb (used without object), abated, abating.
6.
to diminish in intensity, violence, amount, etc.:
The storm has abated. The pain in his shoulder finally abated.
7.
Law. to end; become null and void.
Origin of abate
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English < Middle French abatre to beat down, equivalent to a- a-5 + batre < Late Latin batere for Latin battuere to beat; a- perhaps also understood as a-3
Related forms
abatable, adjective
abater; Law. abator, noun
unabatable, adjective
unabating, adjective
unabatingly, adverb
Synonyms
1. decrease, weaken. 6. subside.
Antonyms
1, 6. increase, intensify.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for unabating
Historical Examples
  • For some hours the fight was continued with unabating obstinacy on both sides.

  • Since then her success has swept onward with unabating force.

    Stars of the Opera Mabel Wagnalls
  • What Petrarch began in the fourteenth century was carried on by a new generation with unabating industry.

  • And all night, lagging far behind in his unabating caution, the panther followed him.

    Earth's Enigmas Charles G. D. Roberts
  • Woman, bless her dear, ambitious heart, seeks with unabating energy the ways and means of becoming beautiful.

    The Woman Beautiful Helen Follett Stevans
  • The new student was welcomed into Columbian College and there pursued the courses of study with unabating enthusiasm.

    Charles Lewis Cocke William Robert Lee Smith
  • The inspired narrator notices, in the first place, the warmth of her hospitality, and its unabating continuance to Elisha.

  • At that time it continued to proceed with unabating increase; being apparently stopped neither by rivers nor mountains.

  • The numbers, the fury, and the unabating exertions of the Mexicans, are greater than we looked for.

    Calavar

    Robert Montgomery Bird
  • They were discussed with unabating interest all day and every day, and by everyone upon all occasions.

British Dictionary definitions for unabating

abate

/əˈbeɪt/
verb
1.
to make or become less in amount, intensity, degree, etc: the storm has abated
2.
(transitive) (law)
  1. to remove, suppress, or terminate (a nuisance)
  2. to suspend or extinguish (a claim or action)
  3. to annul (a writ)
3.
(intransitive) (law) (of a writ, legal action, etc) to become null and void
4.
(transitive) to subtract or deduct, as part of a price
Word Origin
C14: from Old French abatre to beat down, fell
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for unabating

abate

v.

"put an end to" (c.1300); "to grow less, diminish in power or influence" (early 14c.), from Old French abattre "beat down, cast down," from Vulgar Latin *abbatere, from Latin ad "to" (see ad-) + battuere "to beat" (see batter (v.)). Secondary sense of "to fell, slaughter" is in abatis and abattoir. Related: Abated; abating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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