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excavate

[eks-kuh-veyt]
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verb (used with object), ex·ca·vat·ed, ex·ca·vat·ing.
  1. to make hollow by removing the inner part; make a hole or cavity in; form into a hollow, as by digging: The ground was excavated for a foundation.
  2. to make (a hole, tunnel, etc.) by removing material.
  3. to dig or scoop out (earth, sand, etc.).
  4. to expose or lay bare by or as if by digging; unearth: to excavate an ancient city.

Origin of excavate

1590–1600; < Latin excavātus (past participle of excavāre to hollow out), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + cav(um) hollow, cave + -ātus -ate1
Related formsre·ex·ca·vate, verb (used with object), re·ex·ca·vat·ed, re·ex·ca·vat·ing.un·ex·ca·vat·ed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for unexcavated

Historical Examples

  • Bapaume as Father Beckett saw it, is a Herculaneum unexcavated.

    Everyman's Land

    C. N. Williamson and A. M. Williamson

  • Some seventy or eighty feet is all that is visible of this limestone; the rest is unexcavated.

  • A number of buildings or clusters of rooms have been excavated in this, and others as yet unexcavated are known to be there.

    Your National Parks

    Enos A. Mills

  • Large, unexcavated ruins, magnificent canyons and mesas off the beaten path unfold the charm of this primitive region.

  • No survey of the unexcavated sites has been made, and the total number of ruins is unknown.


British Dictionary definitions for unexcavated

excavate

verb
  1. to remove (soil, earth, etc) by digging; dig out
  2. to make (a hole, cavity, or tunnel) in (solid matter) by hollowing or removing the centre or inner partto excavate a tooth
  3. to unearth (buried objects) methodically in an attempt to discover information about the past
Derived Formsexcavation, noun

Word Origin

C16: from Latin excavāre, from cavāre to make hollow, from cavus hollow
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for unexcavated

excavate

v.

1590s, from Latin excavatus, past participle of excavare "to hollow out," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + cavare "to hollow, hollow out," from cavus "cave" (see cave (n.)). Related: Excavated; excavating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

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