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[suhm-uh n] /ˈsʌm ən/
verb (used with object)
to call upon to do something specified.
to call for the presence of, as by command, message, or signal; call.
to call or notify to appear at a specified place, especially before a court:
to summon a defendant.
to authorize or order a gathering of; call together by authority, as for deliberation or action:
to summon parliament.
to call into action; rouse; call forth (often. followed by up):
to summon all one's courage.
Origin of summon
1175-1225; < Medieval Latin summonēre to summon, Latin: to remind unofficially, suggest, equivalent to sum- sum- + monēre to remind, warn; replacing Middle English somonen < Old French semondre, somondre < Vulgar Latin *summonere, Latin summonēre, as above
Related forms
summonable, adjective
summoner, noun
resummon, verb (used with object)
unsummonable, adjective
unsummoned, adjective
Synonym Study
1–3. See call. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for unsummoned
Historical Examples
  • Had it been in the next room, unsummoned I could make no use of my knowledge.

    The Secret of Charlotte Bront

    Frederika Macdonald
  • The Archbishop of Sens prevailed on Becket to be, unsummoned, in the neighborhood.

    Life of Thomas Becket Henry Hart Milman
  • The last question was addressed to Hedges, who had come in unsummoned.

    Elster's Folly Mrs. Henry Wood
  • When he had dismissed the last one and thought himself alone, a late-comer entered, unexpected and unsummoned.

    Martin Eden Jack London
  • unsummoned there visited him a melody, heard long since, the accompaniment of a song of love.

    A Transient Guest Edgar Saltus
  • Strefford, unsummoned, had followed her out, and stood silently smoking at her side.

    The Glimpses of the Moon Edith Wharton
  • I thought he gave me a surprised glance, since it was only the second time I had come into his presence there unsummoned.

    Medoline Selwyn's Work Mrs. J. J. Colter
  • Raisky diverted his attention from these unsummoned apparitions, and looked attentively at the suffering woman before him.

    The Precipice Ivan Goncharov
  • Should I, unsummoned, give wings to my life, and take shelter under the cloak of God's pardon?

    Isabella Orsini

    Francesco Domenico Guerrazzi
  • It annoyed him that subordinate of his should thus appear unseen, unheard, unsummoned, and to her affright.

British Dictionary definitions for unsummoned


verb (transitive)
to order to come; send for, esp to attend court, by issuing a summons
to order or instruct (to do something) or call (to something): the bell summoned them to their work
to call upon to meet or convene
(often foll by up) to muster or gather (one's strength, courage, etc)
Derived Forms
summonable, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Latin summonēre to give a discreet reminder, from monēre to advise
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for unsummoned



c.1200, from Anglo-French, Old French sumundre "summon," from Vulgar Latin *summundre "to call, cite," from Latin summonere "hint to," from sub "under" + monere "warn, advise" (see monitor (n.)). Summons "authoritative call to be at a certain place for a certain purpose" is late 13c., from Old French sumunse, noun use of fem. past participle of somondre. Summoner "petty officer who cites persons to appear in court" is from early 14c.; contracted form sumner is from mid-14c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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