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sustain

[suh-steyn]
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verb (used with object)
  1. to support, hold, or bear up from below; bear the weight of, as a structure.
  2. to bear (a burden, charge, etc.).
  3. to undergo, experience, or suffer (injury, loss, etc.); endure without giving way or yielding.
  4. to keep (a person, the mind, the spirits, etc.) from giving way, as under trial or affliction.
  5. to keep up or keep going, as an action or process: to sustain a conversation.
  6. to supply with food, drink, and other necessities of life.
  7. to provide for (an institution or the like) by furnishing means or funds.
  8. to support (a cause or the like) by aid or approval.
  9. to uphold as valid, just, or correct, as a claim or the person making it: The judge sustained the lawyer's objection.
  10. to confirm or corroborate, as a statement: Further investigation sustained my suspicions.
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Origin of sustain

1250–1300; Middle English suste(i)nen < Anglo-French sustenir, Old French < Latin sustinēre to uphold, equivalent to sus- sus- + -tinēre, combining form of tenēre to hold
Related formssus·tain·a·ble, adjectivesus·tain·ed·ly [suh-stey-nid-lee, -steynd-] /səˈsteɪ nɪd li, -ˈsteɪnd-/, adverbsus·tain·ing·ly, adverbsus·tain·ment, nounnon·sus·tained, adjectivenon·sus·tain·ing, adjectivepre·sus·tained, adjectiveun·sus·tained, adjectiveun·sus·tain·ing, adjectivewell-sus·tained, adjective

Synonyms

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1. carry. 3. bear. 5. maintain.

Synonym study

1. See support.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for unsustained

Historical Examples

  • Could she live on, unsustained by the hope of seeing her lover?

    Sister Anne (Novels of Paul de Kock, Volume X)

    Charles Paul de Kock

  • He, therefore, for the time, considered his hypothesis as unsustained.

  • It lingered on, unsustained by the country and despised by its enslavers.

    The Felon's Track

    Michael Doheny

  • We suffer in His company, sustained by His comfort; He suffered uncomforted and unsustained.

  • It was before the days of chloroform, and, unsustained by any opiate, the poor cur suffered with uncomplaining heroism.

    The Collector

    Henry T. Tuckerman


British Dictionary definitions for unsustained

sustain

verb (tr)
  1. to hold up under; withstandto sustain great provocation
  2. to undergo (an injury, loss, etc); sufferto sustain a broken arm
  3. to maintain or prolongto sustain a discussion
  4. to support physically from below
  5. to provide for or give support to, esp by supplying necessitiesto sustain one's family; to sustain a charity
  6. to keep up the vitality or courage of
  7. to uphold or affirm the justice or validity ofto sustain a decision
  8. to establish the truth of; confirm
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noun
  1. music the prolongation of a note, by playing technique or electronics
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Derived Formssustained, adjectivesustainedly (səˈsteɪnɪdlɪ), adverbsustaining, adjectivesustainingly, adverbsustainment, noun

Word Origin

C13: via Old French from Latin sustinēre to hold up, from sub- + tenēre to hold
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for unsustained

sustain

v.

late 13c., from Old French sustenir "hold up, endure," from Latin sustinere "hold up, support, endure," from sub "up from below" (see sub-) + tenere "to hold" (see tenet). Related: Sustained; sustaining.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper