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vexillum

[vek-sil-uh m] /vɛkˈsɪl əm/
noun, plural vexilla
[vek-sil-uh] /vɛkˈsɪl ə/ (Show IPA)
1.
a military standard or flag carried by ancient Roman troops.
2.
a group of men serving under such a standard.
3.
video frequency.
4.
Also, vexil
[vek-sil] /ˈvɛk sɪl/ (Show IPA)
. Botany. the large upper petal of a papilionaceous flower.
5.
Ornithology Rare. the web or vane of a feather.
Origin of vexillum
1720-1730
1720-30; < Latin: standard, flag, diminutive from the base of vēlum sail (see veil)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for vexillum
Historical Examples
  • vexillum we know, and vexillarius, but vexillarium goes beyond my Latin.

    About Orchids Frederick Boyle
  • Some writers apply this name (inaccurately) to flags of vexillum form, with or without tails at the base.

    British Flags W. G. Perrin
  • From the ends of this cross-piece, whether it held a vexillum or not, hung ribbons with silver ivy leaves at the ends.

    British Flags W. G. Perrin
  • Evidently these flags were symbols of authority, as we have seen the vexillum to have been centuries before.

    British Flags W. G. Perrin
  • vexillum balzanum, so named from "balzan," a piebald horse; the word was subsequently corrupted to "beauseant."

    British Flags W. G. Perrin
  • Robert the Monk: vexillum admiravissi quod standarum vocant.

    British Flags W. G. Perrin
  • Malmesbury follows him: "vexillum—quod erat in hominis pugnantis figura, auro et lapidibus arte sumptuosa contextum."

  • vexillum explanatum, callo baseos laminae in unguem decurrenti.

  • vexillum magnum, basi simplici nec auriculata, late ovatum, acutum.

  • Corolla: vexillum lamina oblonga subconduplicata nec explanata, basi simplici absque auriculis; ungue abbreviato.

British Dictionary definitions for vexillum

vexillum

/vɛkˈsɪləm/
noun (pl) -la (-lə)
1.
(ornithol) the vane of a feather
2.
(botany) another name for standard (sense 16)
Derived Forms
vexillary, vexillar, adjective
vexillate, adjective
Word Origin
C18: from Latin: banner, perhaps from vēlum sail
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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20
25
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