Some writers apply this name (inaccurately) to flags of vexillum form, with or without tails at the base.
vexillum we know, and vexillarius, but vexillarium goes beyond my Latin.
vexillum oblongum, a pistillo staminibusque deorsum reflexum.
From the ends of this cross-piece, whether it held a vexillum or not, hung ribbons with silver ivy leaves at the ends.
The labarum, which was the imperial standard of later emperors, resembled in shape and fixing the vexillum.
Evidently these flags were symbols of authority, as we have seen the vexillum to have been centuries before.
Robert the Monk: vexillum admiravissi quod standarum vocant.
vexillum balzanum, so named from "balzan," a piebald horse; the word was subsequently corrupted to "beauseant."
Malmesbury follows him: "vexillum—quod erat in hominis pugnantis figura, auro et lapidibus arte sumptuosa contextum."
vexillum explanatum, callo baseos laminae in unguem decurrenti.