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vindication

[vin-di-key-shuh n]
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noun
  1. the act of vindicating.
  2. the state of being vindicated.
  3. defense; excuse; justification: Poverty was a vindication for his thievery.
  4. something that vindicates: Subsequent events were her vindication.

Origin of vindication

1475–85; < Latin vindicātiōn- (stem of vindicātiō), equivalent to vindicāt(us) (see vindicate) + -iōn- -ion
Related formsnon·vin·di·ca·tion, nounre·vin·di·ca·tion, nounself-vin·di·ca·tion, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for vindication

vindication

noun
  1. the act of vindicating or the condition of being vindicated
  2. a means of exoneration from an accusation
  3. a fact, evidence, circumstance, etc, that serves to vindicate a theory or claim
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for vindication

n.

late 15c., "act of avenging, revenge," from Latin vindicationem (nominative vindicatio) "act of claiming or avenging," from vindicare "to set free, lay claim to, assert, avenge" (related to vindicta "revenge"), probably from vim dicare "to show authority," from vim, accusative of vis "force" + root of dicere "to say" (see diction). Meaning "justification by proof, defense against censure" is attested from 1640s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper