Domesday here, again, supplies the missing factor in a royal Manor of seven hides and a virgate.
The heriot of a virgate was generally an ox, or money payment of its value.
The virgate or yard-land was the normal holding, as it was afterwards.
But the term 'virgate' does not, like them, speak for itself.
The virgate or yard-land of 30 acres or thereabouts is not a primary unit like the hide, the rod, the acre.
Is it right to assume that this virgate may be taken as a pattern of the rest?
The250 plots of these four owners are evidently brought together into a virgate for the purpose of assessing the services.
The word 'virgate,' or 'virgada,' was used in Brittany as well as in England.
The virgate of the villain is quite as much, if not more, a unit of assessment as it is a share346 of the soil.
Earl Roger has one virgate; this lies in his manor of Shingay.