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or W.Ind

West Indian. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for w.ind


a current of air, sometimes of considerable force, moving generally horizontally from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure See also Beaufort scale related adjective aeolian
(mainly poetic) the direction from which a wind blows, usually a cardinal point of the compass
air artificially moved, as by a fan, pump, etc
any sweeping and destructive force
a trend, tendency, or force: the winds of revolution
(informal) a hint; suggestion: we got wind that you were coming
something deemed insubstantial: his talk was all wind
breath, as used in respiration or talk: you're just wasting wind
(often used in sports) the power to breathe normally: his wind is weak See also second wind
  1. a wind instrument or wind instruments considered collectively
  2. (often pl) the musicians who play wind instruments in an orchestra
  3. (modifier) of, relating to, or composed of wind instruments: a wind ensemble
an informal name for flatus
the air on which the scent of an animal is carried to hounds or on which the scent of a hunter is carried to his quarry
between wind and water
  1. the part of a vessel's hull below the water line that is exposed by rolling or by wave action
  2. any point particularly susceptible to attack or injury
break wind, to release intestinal gas through the anus
(informal) get the wind up, have the wind up, to become frightened
have in the wind, to be in the act of following (quarry) by scent
how the wind blows, how the wind lies, which way the wind blows, which way the wind lies, what appears probable
in the wind, about to happen
(informal) three sheets in the wind, intoxicated; drunk
in the teeth of the wind, in the eye of the wind, directly into the wind
into the wind, against the wind or upwind
(nautical) off the wind, away from the direction from which the wind is blowing
(nautical) on the wind, as near as possible to the direction from which the wind is blowing
(informal) put the wind up, to frighten or alarm
(Brit, informal) raise the wind, to obtain the necessary funds
sail close to the wind, sail near to the wind
  1. to come near the limits of danger or indecency
  2. to live frugally or manage one's affairs economically
take the wind out of someone's sails, to destroy someone's advantage; disconcert or deflate
verb (transitive)
to cause (someone) to be short of breath: the blow winded him
  1. to detect the scent of
  2. to pursue (quarry) by following its scent
to cause (a baby) to bring up wind after feeding by patting or rubbing on the back
to expose to air, as in drying, ventilating, etc
Derived Forms
windless, adjective
windlessly, adverb
windlessness, noun
Word Origin
Old English wind; related to Old High German wint, Old Norse vindr, Gothic winds, Latin ventus


verb winds, winding, wound
often foll by around, about, or upon. to turn or coil (string, cotton, etc) around some object or point or (of string, etc) to be turned etc, around some object or point: he wound a scarf around his head
(transitive) to twine, cover, or wreathe by or as if by coiling, wrapping, etc; encircle: we wound the body in a shroud
(transitive) often foll by up. to tighten the spring of (a clockwork mechanism)
(transitive) foll by off. to remove by uncoiling or unwinding
(usually intransitive) to move or cause to move in a sinuous, spiral, or circular course: the river winds through the hills
(transitive) to introduce indirectly or deviously: he is winding his own opinions into the report
(transitive) to cause to twist or revolve: he wound the handle
(transitive; usually foll by up or down) to move by cranking: please wind up the window
(transitive) to haul, lift, or hoist (a weight, etc) by means of a wind or windlass
(intransitive) (of a board, etc) to be warped or twisted
(intransitive) (archaic) to proceed deviously or indirectly
the act of winding or state of being wound
a single turn, bend, etc: a wind in the river
Also called winding. a twist in a board or plank
See also wind down, wind up
Derived Forms
windable, adjective
Word Origin
Old English windan; related to Old Norse vinda, Old High German wintan (German winden)


verb winds, winding, winded, wound
(transitive) (poetic) to blow (a note or signal) on (a horn, bugle, etc)
Word Origin
C16: special use of wind1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for w.ind



"air in motion," Old English wind, from Proto-Germanic *wendas (cf. Old Saxon, Old Frisian, Middle Dutch, Dutch wind, Old Norse vindr, Old High German wind, German Wind, Gothic winds), from PIE *we-nt-o- "blowing," from root *we- "to blow" (cf. Sanskrit va-, Greek aemi-, Gothic waian, Old English wawan, Old High German wajan, German wehen, Old Church Slavonic vejati "to blow;" Sanskrit vatah, Avestan vata-, Hittite huwantis, Latin ventus, Old Church Slavonic vetru, Lithuanian vejas "wind;" Lithuanian vetra "tempest, storm;" Old Irish feth "air;" Welsh gwynt, Breton gwent "wind").

Normal pronunciation evolution made this word rhyme with kind and rind (Donne rhymes it with mind), but it shifted to a short vowel 18c., probably from influence of windy, where the short vowel is natural. A sad loss for poets, who now must rhyme it only with sinned and a handful of weak words. Symbolic of emptiness and vanity since late 13c.

I have forgot much, Cynara! gone with the wind. [Ernest Dowson, 1896]
Meaning "breath" is attested from late Old English; especially "breath in speaking" (early 14c.), so long-winded, also "easy or regular breathing" (early 14c.), hence second wind in the figurative sense (by 1830), an image from the sport of hunting.

Figurative phrase which way the wind blows for "the current state of affairs" is suggested from c.1400. To get wind of "receive information about" is by 1809, perhaps inspired by French avoir le vent de. To take the wind out of (one's) sails in the figurative sense (by 1883) is an image from sailing, where a ship without wind can make no progress. Wind-chill index is recorded from 1939. Wind energy from 1976. Wind vane from 1725.

"an act of winding round," 1825, from wind (v.1) . Earlier, "an apparatus for winding," late 14c., in which use perhaps from a North Sea Germanic word, e.g. Middle Dutch, Middle Low German winde "windlass."


"move by turning and twisting," Old English windan "to turn, twist, wind" (class III strong verb; past tense wand, past participle wunden), from Proto-Germanic *wendanan (cf. Old Saxon windan, Old Norse vinda, Old Frisian winda, Dutch winden, Old High German wintan, German winden, Gothic windan "to wind"), from PIE *wendh- "to turn, wind, weave" (cf. Latin viere "twist, plait, weave," vincire "bind;" Lithuanian vyti "twist, wind").

Related to wend, which is its causative form, and to wander. Wind down "come to a conclusion" is recorded from 1952; wind up "come to a conclusion" is from 1825. Winding sheet "shroud of a corpse" is attested from early 15c.

"to perceive by scent, get wind of," early 15c., from wind (n.1). Of horns, etc., "make sound by blowing through," from 1580s. Meaning "tire, put out of breath; render temporarily breathless by a blow or punch" is from 1811, originally in pugilism. Related: Winded; winding.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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w.ind in Science

A current of air, especially a natural one that moves along or parallel to the ground, moving from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure. Surface wind is measured by anemometers or its effect on objects, such as trees. The large-scale pattern of winds on Earth is governed primarily by differences in the net solar radiation received at the Earth's surface, but it is also influenced by the Earth's rotation, by the distribution of continents and oceans, by ocean currents, and by topography. On a local scale, the differences in rate of heating and cooling of land versus bodies of water greatly affect wind formation. Prevailing global winds are classified into three major belts in the Northern Hemisphere and three corresponding belts in the Southern Hemisphere. The trade winds blow generally east to west toward a low-pressure zone at the equator throughout the region from 30° north to 30° south of the equator. The westerlies blow from west to east in the temperate mid-latitude regions (from 30° to 60° north and south of the equator), and the polar easterlies blow from east to west out of high-pressure areas in the polar regions. See also Beaufort scale, chinook, foehn, monsoon, Santa Ana.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for w.ind
The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with w.ind
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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