If we can get through the line we'll have the weather gauge of them.
There seemed every chance that we should be upon the longship before they knew what we were about, for we had the weather gauge.
For many hours the wind blew easterly, but at three in the afternoon it shifted to the south and gave the enemy the weather gauge.
A very interesting invention of a scientific instrument of some precision by Leonardo was what may be called a weather gauge.
Commander, you handled him like a babby, kept the weather gauge, and hulled him every shot.
The British manoeuvred to get the weather gauge; Villaret-Joyeuse to keep it.
"ascertain by exact measurements," mid-15c., from Anglo-French gauge (mid-14c.), from Old North French gauger (Old French jauger), from gauge "gauging rod," perhaps from Frankish *galgo "rod, pole for measuring" or another Germanic source (cf. Old Norse gelgja "pole, perch," Old High German galgo; see gallows). Related: Gauged; gauging. The figurative use is from 1580s.
"fixed standard of measure," early 15c. (surname Gageman is early 14c.), from Old North French gauge "gauging rod" (see gauge (v.)). Meaning "instrument for measuring" is from 1680s.
A shotgun: a shotgun is called ''the gauge,'' explained Officer Phil Lee/ This man took a gauge (Armond pantomimes holding a gun, then bends over to dodge from it) and two people end up dead
[1970s+ Underworld & police; fr the use of gauge to designate the caliber of a shotgun]