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withhold

[with-hohld, with-] /wɪθˈhoʊld, wɪð-/
verb (used with object), withheld, withholding.
1.
to hold back; restrain or check.
2.
to refrain from giving or granting:
to withhold payment.
3.
to collect (taxes) at the source of income.
4.
to deduct (withholding tax) from an employee's salary or wages.
verb (used without object), withheld, withholding.
5.
to hold back; refrain.
6.
to deduct withholding tax.
Origin of withhold
1150-1200
First recorded in 1150-1200, withhold is from the Middle English word withholden. See with-, hold1
Related forms
withholder, noun
unwithheld, adjective
Synonyms
1, 2. suppress, repress. See keep.
Antonyms
1, 2. advance.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for withheld
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • It was withheld for some time, and had only been recently exhibited.

    In the Heart of Vosges Matilda Betham-Edwards
  • Another honour, of greater import, was withheld from the conquerors.

  • If it comes, he may bless God; but if it be withheld, he must calculate upon it.

  • Where his fellow man had withheld, the filly had given her all and questioned not.

    Garrison's Finish W. B. M. Ferguson
  • They were listening, straining unconsciously to get the meaning he withheld from them.

    Rim o' the World B. M. Bower
British Dictionary definitions for withheld

withhold

/wɪðˈhəʊld/
verb -holds, -holding, -held
1.
(transitive) to keep back; refrain from giving: he withheld his permission
2.
(transitive) to hold back; restrain
3.
(transitive) to deduct (taxes, etc) from a salary or wages
4.
(intransitive) usually foll by from. to refrain or forbear
Derived Forms
withholder, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for withheld

withhold

v.

c.1200, from with- "back, away" (see with) + holden "to hold" (see hold (v.)); probably a loan-translation of Latin retinere "to withhold." Related: Withheld; withholding. Past participle form withholden was still used 19c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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18
17
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