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x-ray diffraction

noun, Physics.
diffraction of x-rays by the regularly spaced atoms of a crystal, useful for determining the arrangement of the atoms.
Origin of x-ray diffraction
First recorded in 1940-45 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for x-ray diffraction

X-ray diffraction

the scattering of X-rays on contact with matter, resulting in changes in radiation intensity, which is used for studying atomic structure
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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x-ray diffraction in Science
x-ray diffraction  
The scattering of x-rays by crystal atoms, producing a diffraction pattern that yields information about the structure of the crystal. X-ray diffraction is used in x-ray crystallography.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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