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[zeer-of-thal-mee-uh, -op-] /ˌzɪər ɒfˈθæl mi ə, -ɒp-/
noun, Ophthalmology.
abnormal dryness of the eyeball characterized by conjunctivitis, caused by a deficiency of tears and attributed to a lack of vitamin A.
Origin of xerophthalmia
1650-60; xer- + ophthalmia
Related forms
xerophthalmic, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for xerophthalmia
Historical Examples
  • The development of deficiency diseases (scurvy, rickets, xerophthalmia, rickets and malnutrition).

    Dietetics for Nurses Fairfax T. Proudfit
British Dictionary definitions for xerophthalmia


(pathol) excessive dryness of the cornea and conjunctiva, caused by a deficiency of vitamin A Also called xeroma (zɪˈrəʊmə)
Derived Forms
xerophthalmic, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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xerophthalmia in Medicine

xerophthalmia xe·roph·thal·mi·a (zēr'ŏf-thāl'mē-ə)
Extreme dryness of the conjunctiva resulting from disease localized in the eye or from a systemic deficiency of vitamin A. Also called xeroma.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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