or E·re·van, E·ri·van
[yer-uh-vahn; Russian yi-ryi-vahn]
- a city in and the capital of Armenia, in the W part.
[ahr-mee-nee-uh, -meen-yuh; for 3 also Spanish ahr-me-nyah]
- an ancient country in W Asia: now divided between Armenia, Turkey, and Iran.
- Also called, Armenian Republic. a republic in Transcaucasia, S of Georgia and W of Azerbaijan. About 11,500 sq. mi. (29,800 sq. km). Capital: Yerevan.
- a city in W central Colombia.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
- the capital of Armenia: founded in the 8th century bc; an industrial city and a main focus of trade routes since ancient times; university. Pop: 1 066 000 (2005 est)Also called: Erevan, Erivan
- a republic in NW Asia: originally part of the historic Armenian kingdom; acquired by Russia in 1828; became the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1936; gained independence in 1991. It is mountainous, rising over 4000 m (13 000 ft). Language: Armenian. Religion: Christian (Armenian Apostolic) majority. Currency: dram. Capital: Yerevan. Pop: Pop: 2 974 184 (2013 est). Area: 29 800 sq km (11 490 sq miles)
- a former kingdom in W Asia, between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, south of Georgia
- a town in central Colombia: centre of a coffee-growing district. Pop: 349 000 (2005 est)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
The former kingdom of Armenia included the present country, northeastern Turkey, and the northwest corner of Iran.
Throughout their 2,500-year history, the Armenian people have been repeatedly invaded and oppressed by more powerful neighboring empires, which have included Greeks, Persians, Byzantines, Huns, Arabs, Mongols, Ottoman Turks, and Russians.
Between 1894 and 1920, Armenians were the victims of a massacre organized by the Turks (see Armenian Massacres).
In 1920, the Soviet Union annexed Armenia, but animosity remained strong between Armenians and Russians. When the Soviet Union began to crumble in 1991, Armenia was one of the first non-Baltic Soviet republics to declare its independence.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.