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[yohkh] /yoʊx/
the letter used in the writing of Middle English to represent a palatal fricative, as in ung (Modern English young) or a velar fricative, as in litliche (Modern English lightly).
Origin of yogh
1250-1300; Middle English yogh, yok Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for yogh


a character (ȝ) used in Old and Middle English to represent a palatal fricative very close to the semivowel sound of Modern English y, as in Old English ȝeong (young)
this same character as used in Middle English for both the voiced and voiceless palatal fricatives; when final or in a closed syllable in medial position the sound approached that of German ch in ich, as in knyȝt (knight). After the 14th century this symbol became the modern consonantal (semivocalic) y when initial or commencing a syllable, and though no longer pronounced in medial position it is preserved in many words by a modern gh, as in thought
Word Origin
C14: perhaps from yokyoke, referring to the letter's shape
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for yogh

Middle English letter, c.1300; see Y. The name probably is identical with yoke (Middle English yogh) and so called because yoke began with a yogh.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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