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[zemst-voh; Russian zyem-stvuh] /ˈzɛmst voʊ; Russian ˈzyɛm stvə/
noun, plural zemstvos
[zemst-vohz] /ˈzɛmst voʊz/ (Show IPA).
Russian History.
one of a system of elected local assemblies established in 1864 by Alexander II to replace the authority of the nobles in administering local affairs after the abolition of serfdom: became the core of the liberal movement from 1905 to 1917.
Origin of zemstvo
1860-65; < Russian zémstvo, derivative of zemlyá land, earth; see humus Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for zemstvo


/ˈzɛmstvəʊ; Russian ˈzjɛmstvə/
noun (pl) -stvos
(in tsarist Russia) an elective provincial or district council established in most provinces of Russia by Alexander II in 1864 as part of his reform policy
Word Origin
C19: from Russian, from zemlya land; related to Latin humus earth, Greek khamai on the ground
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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