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[zend] /zɛnd/
Zoroastrianism. a translation and exposition of the Avesta in Pahlavi.
Archaic. Avestan (def 1).
Origin of Zend
First recorded in 1690-1700; See origin at Zend-Avesta
Related forms
Zendic, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for Zend
Historical Examples
  • The commentary is not written in the Zend language, but in Pahlavi or Persian.

    History of Religion

    Allan Menzies
  • So far we may accept Hegel's interpretation of the Zend doctrine.

    Moon Lore Timothy Harley
  • I say, Phœbe, I have a great curiosity to understand the Zend.

    Hopes and Fears Charlotte M. Yonge
  • The language is Zend from which the Persian language is derived.

    Modern Persia Mooshie G. Daniel
  • Airja in Zend stood both for “honourable” and for the name of the Iranian, people.

  • Benfey identified Asmodeus as Zend Aêshma-daêva, demon of lust.

    Demonology and Devil-lore Moncure Daniel Conway
  • The cause of this phenomenon was the religion of the Zend people.

    A Manual of the Historical Development of Art

    G. G. (Gustavus George) Zerffi
  • Nevertheless, the great majority of modern Persian words are Zend.

    Man and His Migrations

    R. G. (Robert Gordon) Latham
  • The Zend language is known to us chiefly by the "Zendavesta."

    The Progress of Ethnology John Russell Bartlett
  • Then, in a series of dissertations of his own, he vindicated the authenticity of the Zend books.

British Dictionary definitions for Zend


a former name for Avestan
short for Zend-Avesta
an exposition of the Avesta in the Middle Persian language (Pahlavi)
Derived Forms
Zendic, adjective
Word Origin
C18: from Persian zand commentary, exposition; used specifically of the Middle Persian commentary on the Avesta, hence of the language of the Avesta itself
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Zend

1715, "Parsee sacred book" (in full, Zend-Avesta, 1620s), from Old Persian zend, from Pahlavi zand "commentary." First used in reference to the language of the Zend-Avesta in 1771 by Anquetiel-Duperron (1731-1805).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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