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-ed

1
  1. a suffix forming the past tense of weak verbs: he crossed the river.
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Origin of -ed

1
Old English -de, -ede, -ode, -ade; orig. disputed

-ed

2
  1. a suffix forming the past participle of weak verbs (he had crossed the river), and of participial adjectives indicating a condition or quality resulting from the action of the verb (inflated balloons).
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Origin of -ed

2
Old English -ed, -od, -ad; orig. disputed

-ed

3
  1. a suffix forming adjectives from nouns: bearded; monied; tender-hearted.
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Origin of -ed

3
Middle English; Old English -ede
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for -ed

-ed

1
suffix
  1. forming the past tense of most English verbs
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Word Origin for -ed

Old English -de, -ede, -ode, -ade

-ed

2
suffix
  1. forming the past participle of most English verbs
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Word Origin for -ed

Old English -ed, -od, -ad

-ed

3
suffix forming adjectives
  1. possessing or having the characteristics ofsalaried; red-blooded
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Word Origin for -ed

Old English -ede
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for -ed

past participle suffix of weak verbs, from Old English -ed, -ad. --od (leveled to -ed in Middle English), from Proto-Germanic *-do- (cf. Old High German -ta, German -t, Old Norse -þa, Gothic -da, -þs), from PIE *-to- (cf. Sanskrit -tah, Greek -tos, Latin -tus).

Originally fully pronounced, as still in beloved (which, with blessed, accursed, and a few others retains the full pronunciation through liturgical readings). In 16c.-18c. often written -t when so pronounced (usually after a consonant or short vowel), and still so where a long vowel in the stem is short in the pp. (e.g. crept, slept, etc.). In some older words both forms exist, with different shades of meaning, e.g. gilded/gilt, burned/burnt.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper