-est

1

a suffix forming the superlative degree of adjectives and adverbs: warmest; fastest; soonest.

Nearby words

  1. -escent,
  2. -ese,
  3. -esis,
  4. -esque,
  5. -ess,
  6. -et,
  7. -eth,
  8. -etic,
  9. -ette,
  10. -eum

Origin of -est

1
Middle English; Old English -est, -ost. Compare Greek -isto-

-est

2

a native English suffix formerly used to form the second person singular indicative of verbs: knowest; sayest; goest.
Also -st.

Origin of -est

2
Middle English; Old English -est, -ast, -st, 2nd person singular present indicative endings of some verbs (-s earlier verbal ending + -t, by assimilation from thū thou1) and 2nd person singular past endings of weak verbs (earlier -es + -t)

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


British Dictionary definitions for -est

-est

1

suffix

forming the superlative degree of adjectives and adverbsshortest; fastest

Word Origin for -est

Old English -est, -ost

suffix

forming the archaic second person singular present and past indicative tense of verbsthou goest; thou hadst

Word Origin for -est

Old English -est, -ast

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012