a combining form occurring in compound words which have the general sense “something that repels or drives away” whatever is specified by the initial element: vermifuge.
A Long List of Affixes: Suffixes, Prefixes, and Combining Forms
Suffixes -able, -ible, -ile: (form adjs) able to, fit to, worthy, capable; apt to; subject to being ~-ed -ac: one affect with -ac, -al, -ane, -ar, -ary, -ch, -ese, -ic, -ical, -id, -ile, -ine, -ish, -ory: like, of, pertaining to; characterized by -aceae: families of plants -aceous, -ous: resemblance to a substance; full of -acy, -age, -ance, -ancy, -asm, -dom, -ence, -ency, -hood, -ism, -ity, -ment, -mony, -ness, -ry, -ship, …
Origin of -fuge
< French < Latin -fugus, derivative of fugāre to drive away
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
n combining form
indicating an agent or substance that expels or drives awayvermifuge
Word Origin for -fuge
from Latin fugāre to expel, put to flight
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
word-forming element meaning "that which drives away or out," from Modern Latin -fugus, with sense from Latin fugare "to put to flight," but form from Latin fugere "to flee."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
One that expels or drives away:vermifuge.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.