abide

[uh-bahyd]
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verb (used without object), a·bode or a·bid·ed, a·bid·ing.
  1. to remain; continue; stay: Abide with me.
  2. to have one's abode; dwell; reside: to abide in a small Scottish village.
  3. to continue in a particular condition, attitude, relationship, etc.; last.
verb (used with object), a·bode or a·bid·ed, a·bid·ing.
  1. to put up with; tolerate; stand: I can't abide dishonesty!
  2. to endure, sustain, or withstand without yielding or submitting: to abide a vigorous onslaught.
  3. to wait for; await: to abide the coming of the Lord.
  4. to accept without opposition or question: to abide the verdict of the judges.
  5. to pay the price or penalty of; suffer for.
Verb Phrases
  1. abide by,
    1. to act in accord with.
    2. to submit to; agree to: to abide by the court's decision.
    3. to remain steadfast or faithful to; keep: If you make a promise, abide by it.

Origin of abide

before 1000; Middle English abiden, Old English ābīdan; cognate with Old High German irbītan await, Gothic usbeisns expectation, patience. See a-3, bide
Related formsa·bid·er, noun

Synonyms for abide

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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for abide by

follow, observe, acknowledge, concede

British Dictionary definitions for abide by

abide

verb abides, abiding, abode or abided
  1. (tr) to tolerate; put up with
  2. (tr) to accept or submit to; sufferto abide the court's decision
  3. (intr foll by by)
    1. to comply (with)to abide by the decision
    2. to remain faithful (to)to abide by your promise
  4. (intr) to remain or continue
  5. (intr) archaic to dwell
  6. (tr) archaic to await in expectation
  7. (tr) archaic to withstand or sustain; endureto abide the onslaught
Derived Formsabidance, nounabider, noun

Word Origin for abide

Old English ābīdan, from a- (intensive) + bīdan to wait, bide
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for abide by

abide

v.

Old English abidan, gebidan "remain, wait, delay, remain behind," from ge- completive prefix (denoting onward motion; see a- (1)) + bidan "bide, remain, wait, dwell" (see bide). Originally intransitive (with genitive of the object: we abidon his "we waited for him"); transitive sense emerged in Middle English. Meaning "to put up with" (now usually negative) first recorded 1520s. Related: Abided; abiding. The historical conjugation is abide, abode, abidden, but the modern formation is now generally weak.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with abide by

abide by

Accept and act in accordance with a decision or set of rules; also, remain faithful to. For example, All members must agree to abide by the club regulations, or A trustworthy man abides by his word. An older sense of the verb abide, “remain,” is still familiar in the well-known 19th-century hymn “Abide with Me,” which asks God to stay with the singer in time of trouble. [Early 1500s]

abide

In addition to the idioms beginning with abide

  • abide by

also see:

  • can't stand (abide)
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.