Origin of adrenal

1870–75; ad- + Latin rēn- (stem of rēnēs kidneys) + -al1
Related formsad·re·nal·ly, adverb Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for adrenal

Contemporary Examples of adrenal

Historical Examples of adrenal

  • Adrenin is a substance secreted into the blood by the adrenal glands.

    The Analysis of Mind

    Bertrand Russell

  • It is valuable in this connection to compare the adrenal in scurvy with that of beriberi.

    Scurvy Past and Present

    Alfred Fabian Hess

  • This substance was recovered by them from the cortex of the adrenal gland.

    Arteriosclerosis and Hypertension:

    Louis Marshall Warfield

  • The adrenal secretion also protects them in some way against fatigue.


    Robert S. Woodworth

  • It is generally believed that the internal secretion of the thyroid and the adrenal are antagonistic.

    Arteriosclerosis and Hypertension:

    Louis Marshall Warfield

British Dictionary definitions for adrenal


  1. on or near the kidneys
  2. of or relating to the adrenal glands or their secretions
  1. an adrenal gland

Word Origin for adrenal

C19: from ad- (near) + renal
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for adrenal

"of or near the kidneys," 1866, Modern Latin, from ad- + renalis "of the kidneys," from Latin renes "kidneys." Adrenal gland is from 1875.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

adrenal in Medicine


  1. At, near, or on the kidneys.
  2. Of or relating to the adrenal glands or their secretions.
  1. An adrenal gland or tissue.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.