noun, plural af·fin·i·ties.


of or relating to persons who share the same interests: to arrange charter flights for opera lovers and other affinity groups.

Origin of affinity

1275–1325; Middle English affinite < Middle French < Latin affīnitās connection by marriage. See affine, -ity
Related formsnon·af·fin·i·ty, noun, plural non·af·fin·i·ties, adjective
Can be confusedaffinity infinity

Synonyms for affinity

Antonyms for affinity Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for affinities

Contemporary Examples of affinities

  • These affinities are arguably at the heart of the 40-year dalliance of Iranian and Syrian despots.

    The Daily Beast logo
    Iranian Clerics About to Fall?

    Abbas Milani

    September 13, 2011

  • Olivier is based loosely on Alexis de Tocqueville and Parrot has affinities with Audubon.

    The Daily Beast logo
    The Best of Brit Lit

    Peter Stothard

    January 31, 2010

Historical Examples of affinities

British Dictionary definitions for affinities


noun plural -ties

(foll by with or for) a natural liking, taste, or inclination towards a person or thing
the person or thing so liked
a close similarity in appearance or quality; inherent likeness
relationship by marriage or by ties other than of blood, as by adoptionCompare consanguinity
similarity in structure, form, etc, between different animals, plants, or languages
  1. the tendency for two substances to combine; chemical attraction
  2. a measure of the tendency of a chemical reaction to take place expressed in terms of the free energy changeSymbol: A
biology a measure of the degree of interaction between two molecules, such as an antigen and antibody or a hormone and its receptor
Derived Formsaffinitive, adjective

Word Origin for affinity

C14: via Old French from Latin affīnitāt- connected by marriage, from affīnis bordering on, related
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for affinities



c.1300, "relation by marriage" (as opposed to consanguinity), from Old French afinité (12c.), from Latin affinitatem (nominative affinitas) "neighborhood, relationship by marriage," noun of state from affinis "adjacent," also "kin by marriage," literally "bordering on," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + finis "a border, an end" (see finish). Used figuratively since c.1600 of structural relationships in chemistry, philology, etc. Meaning "natural attraction" (as though by family) is from 1610s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for affinities




An attraction or force between particles that causes them to combine.
The attraction between an antigen and an antibody.
A relationship or resemblance in structure between species that suggests a common origin.
The selective staining of a tissue by a dye.
The selective uptake of a dye, chemical, or other substance by a tissue.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for affinities



A relationship or resemblance in structure between species that suggests a common origin.
An attraction or force between particles that causes them to combine, as the attraction between an antigen and an antibody.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.