against

[ uh-genst, uh-geynst ]
/ əˈgɛnst, əˈgeɪnst /

preposition

conjunction

Archaic. before; by the time that.

Nearby words

  1. agade,
  2. agadir,
  3. agag,
  4. again,
  5. again and again,
  6. against all odds,
  7. against one's better judgment,
  8. against one's will,
  9. against the clock,
  10. against the grain

Idioms

    over against, in contrast with: the rich over against the poor.

Origin of against

1125–75; Middle English agens, ageynes, equivalent to ageyn again + -es -s1; for -t cf. whilst, amongst

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for against


British Dictionary definitions for against

against

/ (əˈɡɛnst, əˈɡeɪnst) /

preposition

Word Origin for against

C12: ageines, from again, ageyn, etc, again + -es genitive ending; the spelling with -t (C16) was probably due to confusion with superlatives ending in -st

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for against

against

adv.

early 12c., agenes "in opposition to," a southern variant of agen "again" (see again), with adverbial genitive. The parasitic -t turned up mid-14c. and was standard by early 16c., perhaps from influence of superlatives.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with against

against

In addition to the idioms beginning with against

  • against all odds
  • against one's better judgment
  • against one's will
  • against the clock
  • against the grain
  • against the tide

also see:

  • beat one's head against the wall
  • cards are stacked against
  • come up against
  • count against
  • dead set against
  • guard against
  • have something against
  • hold something against
  • lift a hand against
  • over against
  • pit someone against
  • run against
  • set against
  • swim against
  • turn against
  • two strikes against
  • up against
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.