- pertaining to nonaromatic hydrocarbon compounds in which the constituent carbon atoms can be straight-chain, branched chain, or cyclic, as in alicyclic compounds; saturated, as in the paraffins; or unsaturated, as in the olefins and alkynes.
Origin of aliphatic
1885–90; < Greek aleiphat- (stem of áleiphar oil, fat) + -ic
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Examples from the Web for aliphatic
These observations may be summarized by saying that the benzene nucleus is more negative in character than the aliphatic residues.
As before, only true ring nuclei, and not internal anhydrides of aliphatic compounds, will be mentioned.
The azo-group is particularly active, both the aliphatic and aromatic compounds being coloured.
They are compounds which greatly resemble the mixed ethers of the aliphatic series.
What are commonly known as "fruity" odors belong mostly to what the chemist calls the fatty or aliphatic series.Creative Chemistry
Edwin E. Slosson
- (of an organic compound) not aromatic, esp having an open chain structure, such as alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes
C19: from Greek aleiphat-, aleiphar oil
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
- Of, relating to, or being a group of organic chemical compounds in which the carbon atoms are linked in open chains.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
- Relating to organic compounds whose carbon atoms are linked in open chains, either straight or branched, rather than containing a benzene ring. Alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes are aliphatic compounds. Compare aromatic.
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