Alvarez

[ al-vuh-rez ]
/ ˈæl vəˌrɛz /

noun

Luis Walter, 1911–1988, U.S. physicist: Nobel Prize 1968.

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British Dictionary definitions for Alvarez

Alvarez
/ (ˈælvərɛz) /

noun

Luis Walter. 1911–88, US physicist. He made (with Felix Bloch) the first measurement of the neutron's magnetic moment (1939). Nobel prize for physics 1968
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for Alvarez

Alvarez
[ ălvə-rĕz′ ]
Luis Walter 1911-1988

See Note at iridium.

American physicist who studied subatomic particles. Alvarez built a device called a hydrogen bubble chamber that made it possible to analyze the reactions occurring between atomic nuclei inside it. His observations led to the theory that protons, neutrons, and electrons are made of quarks. Alvarez won a 1968 Nobel Prize for physics for this work. With his son, geologist Walter Alvarez (born 1940), he later developed a theory that the extinction of dinosaurs was caused by climate changes resulting from a giant asteroid striking the Earth.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.